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Twelve Famous Greek and Roman Men / Sophocles Sophili F. Atheniensis

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    R,4.120

  • Title (object)

    • Sophocles Sophili F. Atheniensis

    Title (series)

    • Twelve Famous Greek and Roman Men
  • Description

    Herm of the Greek philosopher Sophocles wearing a taenia and drapery, with raised eyebrows, bust slightly directed to left; from a set of twelve plates showing antique busts after drawings by Rubens. 1638 Engraving

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1638
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 305 millimetres
    • Width: 218 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered in lower margin, with production details and title: "Ex marmore antiquo" and "P.P. Rubens delin. / P. Pontius sculpsit. Ao. 1638" and "Cum Priuilegiis Regis Christianissimi / Principum Belgarum et Ord. Batauiæ".
  • Curator's comments

    This is one from a series of twelve plates by different printmakers after antique marble portrait sculptures (heads, busts, herms), a project that Rubens completed in 1638 but must have been started much earlier (as one of the engravers, Bolswert, died in 1633). Some of these sculptures may have been part of the antiquities collection of Rubens himself; it is known that Nicolaas Rockox acquired the Demosthenes herm in 1622. The four different engravers were all employed by Rubens in his studio and are Paulus Pontius, Lucas Vorsterman I, Hans Witdoeck and Boëtius Adamsz Bolswert. The production of the prints was closely supervised by Rubens as attested by five retouched proof impressions. Only six of Rubens' preparatory drawings have survived.
    For an (incomplete) set see 1841,0809.49-57 and 1874,0808.1874-1875; the plate by Pontius with a portrait of Hippocrates (Lysias?) is missing.

    No preparatory drawing by Rubens or proof print survive for this plate. After an unidentified marble sculpture (probably part of Rubens' antiquities collection).

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  • Bibliography

    • Corpus Rubenianum XXIII 119 bibliographic details
    • Hollstein 156.II (under Pontius) bibliographic details
    • Schneevoogt 1873 223.25.1 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display (D+F Masters Portfolio)

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number

    R,4.120

Herm of the Greek philosopher Sophocles wearing a taenia and drapery, with raised eyebrows, bust slightly directed to left; from a set of twelve plates showing antique busts after drawings by Rubens.  1638 Engraving

Herm of the Greek philosopher Sophocles wearing a taenia and drapery, with raised eyebrows, bust slightly directed to left; from a set of twelve plates showing antique busts after drawings by Rubens. 1638 Engraving

Image description

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Object reference number: PPA236622

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