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bowl

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    PDF.3

  • Description

    Ru stoneware bowl with rounded sides, everted rim and splayed foot. The bowl has a copper-bound mouthrim, thick, opaque lavender-blue celadon glaze with fine crackle, and five spur marks on the base. There is an inscription in the centre of the interior.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1086-1125
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 7.1 centimetres
    • Diameter: 16.9 centimetres
    • Diameter: 7.5 centimetres (base)
    • Weight: 0.35 kilograms
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        inside
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        均窑都出脩内司至今盤多椀艱致内府藏盤數近百椀則晨星見一二何物不可窮其理椀大難藏盤小易於斯亦當知懼哉愈大愈難守其器
        乾隆丙午御題
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Junyao dou chu Xiuneisi, zhi jin pan duo wan jian zhi; nei fu cang pan shu jin bai, wan ze chenxing jian yi er. He wu bu ke qiong qi li, wan da nan cang pan xiao yi; yu si yi dang zhi ju zai, yu da yu nan shou qi qi.
        Qianlong bingwu yu ti
      • Inscription Translation

        Jun wares were all produced at the Xiuneisi. Many dishes have survived but bowls are difficult to find. In the palace alone are stored well-nigh a hundred dishes. Yet bowls are as rare as stars in the morning. What is there, forsooth, for which a cause cannot be found? Large bowls are difficult to preserve, small dishes easy. In this I find a moral and a warning. The greater the object, the heavier the task of its care.
        Composed by the Qianlong emperor in the cyclical year bingwu [AD 1786]
      • Inscription Comment

        Imperial inscription dated AD 1786 is located on the inside of the bowl. It is a poem of eight seven-character lines, composed by the Emperor Qianlong in the cyclical year bingwu and inscribed by Imperial Order.
      • Inscription Type

        seal
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        朗潤
      • Inscription Transliteration

        lang run
      • Inscription Translation

        clear and unctuous
      • Inscription Type

        seal
      • Inscription Position

        inside
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        比德
      • Inscription Transliteration

        bide
      • Inscription Translation

        measure of virtue (or more literally 'compared to virtue')
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Northern Song early 12thCRoom 95 label text:

    PDF 3

    Ru bowl with Qianlong inscription


    The inscription translated in 1934 by R.L. Hobson reads: 均 [鈞] 窑都出脩[修]内司至今盤多椀 [碗] 艱致内府 藏盤 數近 百 椀[碗]則晨星見一二何物不可窮其理椀 [碗] 大難藏盤 小易於 斯亦當知懼 哉愈大 愈難守其器 乾隆丙午御題 'Jun wares were all produced at the Xiuneisi (Palace Maintenance Office). Many dishes have survived but bowls are difficult to find. In the palace alone are stored well-nigh a hundred dishes. Yet bowls are as rare as stars in the morning. What is there, forsooth, for which a cause cannot be found? Large bowls are difficult to preserve, small dishes easy. In this I find a moral and a warning. The greater the object, the heavier the task of its care. Composed by the Qianlong emperor in the cyclical year bingwu [AD 1786]. The two seals at the end of the stanza read 比德 (bide ‘measure of virtue’ or more literally 'compared to virtue') and 郎潤 (langrun ‘clear and unctuous’).


    Stoneware with celadon glaze and copper rim
    Ru ware汝窯
    Qingliangsi, Baofeng county, Henan province河南省, 寳豐縣, 清凉寺
    Northern Song dynasty, about AD 1086–1125A similar Ru bowl is in the Palace Museum, Beijing with a Qianlong inscription on the base dated 1777.PDF 3

    刻乾隆御題詩汝窯碗


    1934年,R.L.霍布森將此碗的刻銘進行了釋讀和翻譯:“均窯都出脩內司,至今盤多椀艱致。內府藏盤數近百,椀則晨星見一二。何物不可窮其理,椀大難藏盤小易。於斯亦當知懼哉,愈大愈難守其器。乾隆丙午御題。”意為:鈞窯器皆生產于修內司,盤存世較多,碗則非常罕見。宮廷內保存有近百件盤,但碗的數量則寥若晨星。是何原因至此現象?碗大難保存不壞,盤子小則容易。由此我明白一個道理,越大的事物,守護它的責任便越重。乾隆皇帝作于丙午年(1786年)。詩尾附“比德”(意為衡量德行,或直譯為與美德相比)、“朗潤”(意為清朗潤澤)印兩方。


    炻器,天青釉,鑲銅口
    汝窑
    河南省寶豐縣清涼寺
    北宋,约1086-1125年

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  • Bibliography

    • Medley 1975 Colour pl. 14 and p. 306 bibliographic details
    • Hobson 1934 p. 3, pl. II bibliographic details
    • Pierson & Barnes 2002 p.10, no.1 (and inside) bibliographic details
    • Pierson 1999 p.16, no.3, front cover bibliographic details
    • Pierson 2002 p.37, no.11 (and inscription) bibliographic details
    • Scott 1989b p.46, no.29 bibliographic details
    • Oriental Ceramic Society 1971 p.81, no.86 bibliographic details
    • Yorke Hardy 1953 pp 1-2, no.3, pl.I bibliographic details
    • Scott 1989a pp 34-35, no.11 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G95/dc51

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition notes

    R. L. Hobson, 1934 records: From the De Forest Collection, and formerly exhibited in the Metropolitan Museum, New York.

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    PDF.3

Ru stoneware bowl with rounded sides, everted rim and splayed foot.  The bowl has a copper-bound mouthrim, thick, opaque lavender-blue celadon glaze with fine crackle, and five spur marks on the footrim.  There is an inscription in the centre of the inter

Side

Ru stoneware bowl with rounded sides, everted rim and splayed foot. The bowl has a copper-bound mouthrim, thick, opaque lavender-blue celadon glaze with fine crackle, and five spur marks on the footrim. There is an inscription in the centre of the inter

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Object reference number: RRC38422

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