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Library of Ashurbanipal

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    K.2252

  • Title (series)

    • Library of Ashurbanipal
  • Description

    Fragment of a clay tablet. Mythological legend. Colophon. eleventh tablet of the series. Neo-Assyrian. Gilgamesh tablet 11, the story of the Flood.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 7.93 centimetres
    • Width: 6.35 centimetres
    • Thickness: 2.54 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        cuneiform
      • Inscription Comment

        23 + 27 + 42 + 48 + 44 + 42 lines (joined to K. 2602, K. 3321, K. 4486, and Sm. 1881). It contains the Babylono-Assyrian account of the Deluge.
  • Curator's comments

    Part of K. 2602, K. 3321, K. 4486, and Sm. 1881.
    For translations, see G. Smith, ‘Transactions of the Society of Biblical Archaeology’, Vol. III, pp. 530 ff.; and in S. Birch (ed.), 'Records of the Past : being English translations of the Assyrian and Monuments' VII. London: Bagster, pp. 133 ff.; Talbot, ibid., Vol. IV, pp. 49 ff., 129 ff.; Oppert in Ledrain, E., 1879. ‘Histoire d'Israël’ Vol. I. Paris : Alphonse Lemerre, pp. 422 ff., and Oppert, J., 1885. ‘Le poème chaldéen du Déluge, traduit de l'Assyrien’. Paris; Lenormant, F., ‘Les origines de l’histoire d’après la Bible et les traditions des peuples orientaux’ appendice V. Paris : Maisonneuve & cie, pp. 601 ff.; Haupt, P., 1881. ‘Der keilinschriftliche sintfluthbericht : eine episode des babylonischen Nimrodepos’. Leipzig : J. C. Hinrichs; in Schrader, E., 1883. ‘Keilinschriften und das Alte Testament II: (2nd ed.), pp. 55 ff., 492 ff.; in Seuss, E., 1883. ‘Die Sintfluth : ene geologische Studie’. Prag : F. Tempsky; in 'Old Testament Student', Chicago, 1883, pp. 77 ff.; Schrader, E., 1885. ‘The cuneiform inscriptions and the Old Testament. Translated from the second enlarged German edition, with an introductory preface, by Rev. Owen C. Whitehouse’ Vol. I. London : Williams and Norgate, pp. 56 ff.; and Jensen, P.C.A., 1890. ‘Die Kosmologie der Babylonier : Studien u. Materialien’. Strassburg : Trübner, pp. 367 ff. See also 'The Expos.', 1888, p. 236 f.; Meissner, 'Zeitschrift für Assyriologie', 1888, pp. 417 ff.; Haupt, 'American Journal of Theology & Philosophy' Vol. IX, pp. 419 ff., and especially p. 420, n. 2; 'Beiträge zur Assyriologie', Vol. I (Leipz., 1889), pp. 120 ff., 320 f.; and 'Guide Kouyunjik Gallery' 1885, pp. 148 ff., No. 25. For duplicates see KK. 3375, 7752, 8517, 8518, 8593, 8594, 8595; Sm. 2196; D.T. 42; Rm. 616; Rm. 2, 383, 390; 81, 2-4, 296; 82, 5-22, 316. Cf. also Sp. II, 960.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Smith 1872 bibliographic details
    • Rawlinson & Pinches 1891a 50 f (and in 2nd ed.) bibliographic details
    • Bezold 1891a p.426 bibliographic details
    • CDLI P273204 (http://cdli.ucla.edu/P273204) bibliographic details
    • George 2003a plates 118-123 (copy) bibliographic details
    • Menant 1880 pp.373 ff (partly) bibliographic details
    • Lyon 1886 pp.57 ff (partly) bibliographic details
    • Delitzsch 1878 pp.84 ff (partly) bibliographic details
    • Delitzsch 1887-1888 pp.99 ff bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:

    1999 21 May-28 May, London, Brunei Gallery, The Epic of Gilgamesh
    1996 17 Jan-31 Dec, Israel, Jerusalem, Bible Lands Museum, Jerusalem : A Capital for all Times. Royal Cities of the Biblical World

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Middle East

  • Registration number

    K.2252

  • Joined objects

Part of a clay tablet, 17 + 4 lines of inscription, Neo-Assyrian.  Fragment of a clay tablet, Neo-Assyrian. Gilgamesh tablet 11, the story of the Flood.  Part of a clay tablet, Neo-Assyrian.  Part of a clay tablet, 27 lines of inscription, Neo-Assyrian.  Fragment of a clay tablet, account of the deluge, Neo-Assyrian.

Obverse

Part of a clay tablet, 17 + 4 lines of inscription, Neo-Assyrian. Fragment of a clay tablet, Neo-Assyrian. Gilgamesh tablet 11, the story of the Flood. Part of a clay tablet, Neo-Assyrian. Part of a clay tablet, 27 lines of inscription, Neo-Assyrian. Fragment of a clay tablet, account of the deluge, Neo-Assyrian.

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