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satirical print / print / book-illustration

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1868,0808.3403

  • Description

    Satirical book-illustration on the declining fortunes of the French in the War of Spanish Succession with, in the centre, Queen Anne enthroned clips the wings of a French cock that she holds in her lap. Above her is a canopy bearing the royal coat of arms and surmounted by a Scottish thistle above which the sun of Louis XIV is eclipsed; on the right the figure of a man looks at the eclipse through a telescope and on the left two men look at a picture of an eclipse; courtiers and generals stand on either side; another thistle lies at the foot of the throne. At lower left is a scene of a naval battle; at top left, Louis XIV enthroned with Madame de Maintenon beside him; at top right, the battle of Ramillies, 23 May 1706. 1707
    Etching

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  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1707
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 109 millimetres (image)
    • Width: 178 millimetres (image)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        With letterpress on the verso including a description of a different satire showing Louis XIV and Philip V sawing the Globe, with the devil, the ambassador from Portocarrero and Madame de Maintenon, and twelve lines of verse 'When Anjou stept into the Spanish Throne ... And lose a thousand Foot for one they gain'.
  • Curator's comments

    The print faces page 437 in volume IV of the 'Poems on Affairs of State from 1620 to this present year 1707', a supplement entitled, "A Collection of some Satyrical Prints, publish'd beyond Sea, relating to the Affairs of Europe, since the French King plac'd his Grandson on the Throne of Spain. With their Explanations in English". (British Library, 1077.l.19).
    The text referring to the print appears on the verso of BM Satire 1434 (1868,0808.3404) where the naval battle is described as "Admiral Leak's Triumping over the Count de Toulouse"; this may refer either to the battle of Malaga, 24 August 1704, or to the relief of the siege of Barcelona in May 1706 during which an actual eclipse occured on 12 May.
    The print relates to BM Satire 1432, and to 1882,0812.432, a Dutch broadside acquired since Stephens's publication. The latter is probably the prime version of the composition.

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  • Bibliography

    • BM Satires 1431 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display (Satires British Stephens series)

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Associated events

    • Associated Event: Battle of Malaga
      1704
    • Associated Event: Battle of Ramillies
      1706 (May)
    • Associated Event: Relief of Barcelona
      1706
    • Associated Event: War of Spanish Succession
      1701-1714
  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Poems on Affairs of State, from 1620, to this present Year 1707 (1707)
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1868

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number

    1868,0808.3403

Queen Anne eclipsing Louis XIV, Battle off Malaga, Battle of Ramillies.  A Satire on Louis XIV and his declining fortunes, likening the political developments to an eclipse of the sun: Queen Anne seated on a throne underneath a canopy, holding a cock and cutting his wings, on the foot of the throne lies a thistle, above the canopy the eclipsed sun, on each side of the throne a group of gentlemen, in the lower left corner an inserted scene of a naval battle, illustrating the unsuccessful French siege of Barcelona in 1706; in the top R corner an inserted scene illustrating the Battle of Ramillies in May 1706; in the top L corner a king seated on a throne under a canopy.  Etching

Recto

Queen Anne eclipsing Louis XIV, Battle off Malaga, Battle of Ramillies. A Satire on Louis XIV and his declining fortunes, likening the political developments to an eclipse of the sun: Queen Anne seated on a throne underneath a canopy, holding a cock and cutting his wings, on the foot of the throne lies a thistle, above the canopy the eclipsed sun, on each side of the throne a group of gentlemen, in the lower left corner an inserted scene of a naval battle, illustrating the unsuccessful French siege of Barcelona in 1706; in the top R corner an inserted scene illustrating the Battle of Ramillies in May 1706; in the top L corner a king seated on a throne under a canopy. Etching

Image description

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Object reference number: PPA196911

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