Collection online

drawing / album

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1889,0527.70

  • Description

    'The Florentine Picture-Chronicle' page from the album (verso of 1889,0527.69): King Nebuchadnezzar enthroned gesturing to a statue of a Persian god on a hillside with three bound men, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah
    Pen and brown ink and brown wash over black chalk (some ruled)

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1470-1475 (circa)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 326 millimetres
    • Width: 226 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        the figure identified: "GIONA", the sheet numbered top right "44"
  • Curator's comments

    Watermark: cardinal's hat

    The drawing depicts two episodes from the Old Testament Book of Daniel (I: 1-7): 'In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it. 2And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god. 3And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring certain of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the princes; 4Children in whom was no blemish, but well favoured, and skilful in all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding science, and such as had ability in them to stand in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans. 5And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king's meat, and of the wine which he drank: so nourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king. 6Now among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah: 7Unto whom the prince of the eunuchs gave names: for he gave unto Daniel the name of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach; and to Mishael, of Meshach; and to Azariah, of Abednego' . The figure in the right background is taken from Daniel III;1: 'Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, whose height was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof six cubits: he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon'. Although Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego were faithful servants of the Babylonian king, they refused to renounce their Jewish faith and therefore refused to worship this idol (hence their being shown bound with their hands behind their backs). They were cast into a fiery furnace, but miraculously survived.

    Lit.: S. Colvin, 'A Florentine Picture Chronicle', London, 1898; A.E. Popham and P. Pouncey, 'Italian drawings in the BM, the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries', London, 1950, I, no. 274, II, pls. CCXXXVII-CCXLI.

    For Popham & Pouncey 1950 entry see 1889,0527.1

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Popham & Pouncey 1950 274 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display (197.d.3)

  • Exhibition history

    BM, 'Padua in the 1450s', 1998, no. 16

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1889

  • Acquisition notes

    Popham & Pouncey 1950 The leaves of the book, in its present state, seem to be numbered 5 to 59 in a seventeenth(?)-century hand; the numbers, in the r.-hand top corner, have in many cases been partly trimmed away. The book was broken up by Ruskin, who was in the habit of lending parts of his books and manuscripts to friends and institutions in which he was interested, with the result that when the Museum purchased it from him in 1889 it contained only 49 folios. Of the remainder, two (1890,0314.1-4. Folios 13 and 14) were presented the next year by the trustees of the Ruskin Museum, Sheffield, and four (1900,0526.1-8. Folios 9, 22, 36, and 47) in 1900 by Ruskin's cousin, Mrs. Arthur Severn; folios 1 to 4 are missing, but there is nothing to indicate that they were not removed before Ruskin acquired the book.

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number

    1889,0527.70

'The Florentine Picture-Chronicle' page from the album (verso of 1889,0527.69): King Nebuchadnezzar enthroned gesturing to a statue of a Persian god on a hillside with three bound men, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah  Pen and brown ink and brown wash over black chalk (some ruled)

'The Florentine Picture-Chronicle' page from the album (verso of 1889,0527.69): King Nebuchadnezzar enthroned gesturing to a statue of a Persian god on a hillside with three bound men, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah Pen and brown ink and brown wash over black chalk (some ruled)

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