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statue

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    125007

  • Description

    Basalt semi column bearing relief of the goddess Kubaba; cult statue from temple on citadel; holds a mirror and wears massive necklace; wearing long dress with patterns on sleeves; on the curved back Kamanas, King of Carchemish records the building of her temple and precinct and the dedication of her statue.

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  • Authority

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 760 BC (about)
    • 848BC-717BC (total rule of Astiruwas dynasty)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 162.5 centimetres
    • Width: 102.5 centimetres
    • Weight: 1048 kilograms
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        hieroglyphic
      • Inscription Position

        back
      • Inscription Language

        Luwian
      • Inscription Translation

        Kubaba's temple [...] I built, I myself set up my statue in front. I subjected the Pinatean fortresses to Karkamiš and the devastated precincts I [(re)settl]ed.
        [...] for Kubaba, Queen of Karkamiš, I Kamanis the ruler made an honoured precinct.
        Kings and ... lords will come in to pray to her, for [her/me] they will proclaim [me/her] the [...]ed.
        (He) who shall come against this divinity with malice, or if she shall pass down to (one) who shall...,
        and shall not do [good to the] house of Kamanis, or who shall not listen to these words, against him may Kubaba of 100 KISTARA's litigate, and for him [may she] ... [...
      • Inscription Comment

        Dedication by Kamanis, son of Astiruwas, King of Carchemish.
  • Curator's comments

    A surface find at Carchemish; a sketch of this statue was first published by A. Drummond in 1754 but the inscription was first noted in the 19th century when the stone was moved and copied by George Smith, with later copies made by subsequent travellers to the site. It was also recorded by Captain (later Major) F.W. Butler, 9th Regiment, in the ruins of Jerabis, on 24 August 1877 and brought from the site that year. It was registered in the British Museum in 1881. See drawing in ANE Library, Butler, "Hieroglyphics discovered at Hierapolis".

    The top of the statue was discovered in 2015 by the joint Turkish-Italian Expedition to Carchemish. This large fragment depicts the head of the goddess Kubaba on one side, and the top two lines of the inscription on the other. This fragment was brought into the Kahramanmarash Museum in June 2015. See Marchetti and Peker "A stele of Kubaba from Afshin".

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  • Bibliography

    • Hawkins 2000 p 140-143 bibliographic details
    • Marchetti & Peker 2015a p4 bibliographic details
    • Woolley & Barnett 1952a pl.A312, pl.B62a bibliographic details
    • Rylands W H 1882a pp.436-37, pl.III (J.III) bibliographic details
    • Hogarth D G 1914a preface, figs.2 & 3 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1881

  • Department

    Middle East

  • BM/Big number

    125007

  • Registration number

    1881,1210.1

  • Additional IDs

    • J.III (Jerabis siglum)
    • SOC.9 (Semitic Old Collection registration number)

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Object reference number: WCO23264

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