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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Bronze vessel of the type called hu. This vessel is decorated with three registers featuring the same deep wave pattern. At neck on two sides a horned creature is holding a ring handle in its mouth. The ring handle consists of the same scale decoration as the band on the foot ring. The lid is lost.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 9thC BC (circa)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 45.5 centimetres
    • Diameter: 33 centimetres
    • Height: 6.5 centimetres (inscription inside vessel)
    • Width: 8 centimetres (inscription inside vessel)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

        inside neck
      • Inscription Language

  • Curator's comments

    Rawson 1987:

    This hu was dedicated by one Shi Wang. A ding also dedicated by Shi Wang is known; a gui inscription mentioning the same individual is recorded by Shirakawa. Li Xueqin has argued that Shi Wang belonged to the same clan as one Shi Zai who cast a large ding excavated at Shaanxi Fufeng Qiangjiacun. The inscription on this austerely decorated ding also mentions the deceased Mu Wang and is therefore thought to date to the succeeding Gong Wang reign. The Shi Wang vessels are likely to be somewhat later.
    In the middle Western Zhou tall you were enlarged to make slender hu. These vessels were employed singly; examples have come from middle Western Zhou tombs, such as that of Yu Bo at Shaanxi Baoji Rujiazhuang. In the second hald of middle Western Zhou the hu shape was altered to make hu of the present type, used in pairs. The deep wave pattern seen on the Shi Wang hu was one of the motifs invented concurrently with the marked changes in ritual vessel shape.


  • Bibliography

    • Rawson 1987 cat. no. 29 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited: 2009 24 Jan-19 Apr, Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery, 'China: Journey to the East' 2009 2 May-19 Jul, Coventry, The Herbert, 'China: Journey to the East' 2009 1 Aug-1 Dec, Basingstoke, The Willis Museum, 'China: Journey to the East' 2010 29 Jan-9 May, Sunderland, Tyne and Wear Museums, 'China: Journey to the East' 2010 22 May-15 Aug, York, Yorkshire Museums Trust, 'China: Journey to the East' 2010-2011 25 Sep-26 Jun, Manchester Museum, 'China: Journey to the East' 2015 18 Apr–28 Jun, Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo, 'A History of the World in 100 Objects'
    2015 14 Jul–6 Sep, Kyushu National Museum, Dazaifu, 'A History of the World in 100 Objects'
    2015-2016 20 Sep-11 Jan, Kobe City Museum, Kobe, 'A History of the World in 100 Objects'

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


Hu. Inscription. Made of bronze.

Hu. Inscription. Made of bronze.

Image description



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Object reference number: RRC14743

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