Collection online


  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • Pāñcika
  • Description

    Panel showing Pāñcika seated above a drinking scene. The haloed figure sits resting the toes of one foot on a footstool, the legs and paridhāna over them mostly damaged, and the uttarīya loops with prominent terraced folds across the lap and over the right elbow. A necklace with chain strands has a large, central, faceted bead, and a double strand of beads runs from the left shoulder and over the floral disc of the right armlet. The earrings are with beaded strands, some looped. The turban has a large, high and circular pleated crest to one side. This crest has a central tassel; from it beaded strands join the point on the turban from which the retaining bands spread outwards among ornamental stones of different shapes; to the right is a disc, perhaps lion-faced, spewing beads and beyond it a vertical looped band or ribbon. The modelled and full, round face shows a crease from the bridge of the nose to the cheeks and the moustache is abundant; the flat and prominent forehead is over deep-set eyes. The torso shows raised breasts outlined below and the full and bare abdomen has a round boss as a navel.
    The top of the seat may have a cushion and the face shows pendent drapery folds; a lightly shouldered back is decorated with beaded and circular designs further obscured by a cushion behind Pāñcika. Behind the broken spearhead a child with a long chignon worships or crouches beside a textile attached to the badly sliced shaft, which is held diagonally and rests on the ground; a corresponding figure may have been opposite above the chair back. At the bottom left a small worshipping child wearing a collar, girdle and anklets may show genitals; another, opposite, greatly abraded and with anklets, raises one arm and his head towards the deity's knee.
    A lower register shows figures under a sawtooth cornice repeated below. First, from left to right, a man in short-sleeved and girt knee-length tunic, prominently bordered hairstyle under a horizontal length of hair knotted in the middle and looped at one end, collar and earrings, offers, on both knees, a basket of twisted rope construction. Next to him, seated on a lion, a haloed figure with a vertically sliced face, but perhaps wearing a turban and a tunic with vertical beaded motif, holds up, by its bottom, what may be an already empty drinking-bowl or a purse; the lion has crossed paws and a high bushy tail. Beside it a standing child, perhaps clothed, his left hand on his hip, raises a right hand with bracelet and seems to look to his left at the woman on both knees, with hands joined, head raised and vestiges of earrings. Where undamaged the minor figures have rounded projecting eyes.


  • School/style

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 2ndC-3rdC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 46.4 centimetres
    • Width: 27.3 centimetres
    • Diameter: 9 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Zwalf 1996:
    Few separate male figures survive which correspond more or less to the warrior deity accompanying the goddess with children in pairs indentificd as Pāñcika and Hārītī. Two of substantial size [Lahore 3 and Peshawar 2088 (Ingholt, 1975:figs 338-9)], both with children and at least one with a spear, are lacking in any associated characteristics of revelry; for a better parallel see Peshawar 241 (Ingholt, 1957: fig. 342) with a register of drinking figures below. Foucher, while admitting similarities with Kubera-Vaiśravaṇa, lord of wealth, yaksas and the north, always identifies the male figure as Pāñcika, one of the twenty-eight yaksa generals and textually associated with Hārītī; but Kubera-Vaiśravaṇa or a conflation with Pāñcika is also proposed.


  • Bibliography

    • Zwalf 1996 90 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Condition

    1.Grey schist, broken, cracked, sliced and exfoliated. 2.Sides shaped; bottom flat and very rough; top partly flat. 3.Back with two sets of thin diagonal chisel grooves.

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


Figure (Kuvera). Made of stone (schist).

Figure (Kuvera). Made of stone (schist).

Image description



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Object reference number: RRI4266

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