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The Buddha

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1895,1026.1

  • Title (object)

    • The Buddha
  • Description

    Seated Buddha preaching. Unusually for this hand gesture, the Buddha wears the over-robe on both shoulders with a thick curved neckline, an edge lying below the right forearm, the semi-circle between the legs rather deep and the fall of gathered drapery from the left wrist, where the backthrow may be visible, undulating in high relief to lie splayed and almost flat on the seat. The major and some of the minor drapery folds are thick rounded ridges and terraces. The upturned feet are hidden under the drapery, except on the Buddha's right.
    The head, round to oval, appears large and somewhat flattened, the hair rises in dense strands from the hairline into the uṣṇīṣa, which is bound at the base and with a small central disc, and continues to the large plain halo. The face is smooth and rounded with a narrow forehead, very sharp curved edges for eyebrows, a circular ūrṇā in high relief well above the nose, long and narrow eyes with low upper lids; the flat nose is straight over a small pursed mouth with shaped upper lip and full lower lip. The full chin juts out and the concave ears are long, evenly close to the head and with a short central groove in each lobe. The neck and chest are broad and flat with slight swellings for breasts at each side, and the fingers curve fluidly and show nails. The backs of the hands are flattened, the thumb and index finger of the left hand meet and all its fingers touch the bottom of the upper hand; neither hand is undercut.
    On the seat a cushion shows a single horizontal undulating ornament between borders, the damaged legs have a claw motif top and bottom, and against drapery with tassels and gathered sides a seated and haloed and turbaned Bodhisattva with the usual ornaments and dress is flanked by a kneeling male (right) and a female worshipper; the man with chignon and moustache, the woman with necklace and earrings and a high headdress above curls and probably both in draped garments; a standing donor pair appear similarly dressed but in the woman's headdress is a horizontal cylindrical ornament.

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  • School/style

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 2ndC-3rdC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 95 centimetres
    • Width: 53 centimetres
    • Diameter: 24 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Zwalf 1996:
    For Foucher (infra) this is a case of the samcodana where donors replace the supplicating gods (see further 171 with references).

  • Bibliography

    • Zwalf 1996 24 bibliographic details
    • MacGregor 2010 41 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:

    2010-2011, London, BM/BBC, 'A History of the World in 100 Objects'

  • Condition

    1.Grey schist with crystalline inclusions, broken and exfoliated. 2.Halo damaged at two places on the edge, which has a narrow chamfer facing and, behind, curves gently to very rough back with horizontal chisel grooves. 3.Buddha carved onto sides, but sides of seat barely carved and damaged. 4.Set in plaster on modern limestone pedestal.

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1895

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    1895,1026.1

Seated Buddha preaching. Unusually for this hand gesture, the Buddha wears the over-robe on both shoulders with a thick curved neckline, an edge lying below the right forearm, the semi-circle between the legs rather deep and the fall of gathered drapery from the left wrist, where the backthrow may be visible, undulating in high relief to lie splayed and almost flat on the seat. The major and some of the minor drapery folds are thick rounded ridges and terraces. The upturned feet are hidden under the drapery, except on the Buddha's right.  The head, round to oval, appears large and somewhat flattened, the hair rises in dense strands from the hairline into the u??i?a, which is bound at the base and with a small central disc, and continues to the large plain halo. The face is smooth and rounded with a narrow forehead, very sharp curved edges for eyebrows, a circular ur?a in high relief well above the nose, long and narrow eyes with low upper lids; the flat nose is straight over a small pursed mouth with shaped upper lip and full lower lip. The full chin juts out and the concave ears are long, evenly close to the head and with a short central groove in each lobe. The neck and chest are broad and flat with slight swellings for breasts at each side, and the fingers curve fluidly and show nails. The backs of the hands are flattened, the thumb and index finger of the left hand meet and all its fingers touch the bottom of the upper hand; neither hand is undercut.  On the seat a cushion shows a single horizontal undulating ornament between borders, the damaged legs have a claw motif top and bottom, and against drapery with tassels and gathered sides a seated and haloed and turbaned Bodhisattva with the usual ornaments and dress is flanked by a kneeling male (right) and a female worshipper; the man with chignon and moustache, the woman with necklace and earrings and a high headdress above curls and probably both in draped garments; a standing donor pair appear similarly dressed but in the woman's headdress is a horizontal cylindrical ornament.

Seated Buddha preaching. Unusually for this hand gesture, the Buddha wears the over-robe on both shoulders with a thick curved neckline, an edge lying below the right forearm, the semi-circle between the legs rather deep and the fall of gathered drapery from the left wrist, where the backthrow may be visible, undulating in high relief to lie splayed and almost flat on the seat. The major and some of the minor drapery folds are thick rounded ridges and terraces. The upturned feet are hidden under the drapery, except on the Buddha's right. The head, round to oval, appears large and somewhat flattened, the hair rises in dense strands from the hairline into the u??i?a, which is bound at the base and with a small central disc, and continues to the large plain halo. The face is smooth and rounded with a narrow forehead, very sharp curved edges for eyebrows, a circular ur?a in high relief well above the nose, long and narrow eyes with low upper lids; the flat nose is straight over a small pursed mouth with shaped upper lip and full lower lip. The full chin juts out and the concave ears are long, evenly close to the head and with a short central groove in each lobe. The neck and chest are broad and flat with slight swellings for breasts at each side, and the fingers curve fluidly and show nails. The backs of the hands are flattened, the thumb and index finger of the left hand meet and all its fingers touch the bottom of the upper hand; neither hand is undercut. On the seat a cushion shows a single horizontal undulating ornament between borders, the damaged legs have a claw motif top and bottom, and against drapery with tassels and gathered sides a seated and haloed and turbaned Bodhisattva with the usual ornaments and dress is flanked by a kneeling male (right) and a female worshipper; the man with chignon and moustache, the woman with necklace and earrings and a high headdress above curls and probably both in draped garments; a standing donor pair appear similarly dressed but in the woman's headdress is a horizontal cylindrical ornament.

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