Collection online


  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Buddha. A sandstone figure of the Buddha seated with hands displaying the gesture of teaching (dharmacakramudrā), on a throne flanked by lions, vyālas and makaras, and with a prominent halo; the nose broken away.

  • Date

    • 5thC-6thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 1.18 metres
  • Curator's comments

    Zwalf 1985

    The Buddha sits enthroned, instead of in the more usual cross-legged position, and holds his hands in the preaching gesture, associated with the proclamation of doctrine. He is the teacher whether as a wandering monk, as in the earlier tradition, or as in the later, a divine figure preaching advanced doctrines at celestial gatherings. The half-closed eyes are those of withdrawn meditation, but the hands are active to bring his message to the world. The monastic garments typical of the Sārnāth school cling with simplicity to the body; the decorated throne anticipates the crowned and ornamented image which became increasingly common as a symbol of the transcendent Buddha.


  • Bibliography

    • Griffiths, Revire and Sanyal 2013 (historiography of bhadrāsana type) bibliographic details
    • Zwalf 1985 131 bibliographic details
    • Koezuka (1994) Cat. no. 18 bibliographic details
    • Foucher 1900 fig. 10 bibliographic details
    • Bautze-Picron 2010 p. 25; fig. 28 bibliographic details
    • Pemberton 2002 p. 45 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history


    1985, London, BM, Buddhism: Art and Faith
    1990 20 Oct-9 Dec, Japan, Tokyo, Setagaya Art Museum, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.132
    1991 5 Jan-20 Feb, Japan, Yamaguchi, Prefectural Museum of Art, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.132
    1991 9 Mar-7 May, Japan, Osaka, National Museum of Art, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.132

  • Condition

    The nose has been lost.

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Department


  • Registration number


COMPASS Image Caption: Front

COMPASS Image Caption: Front

Image description



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Object reference number: RRI1288

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