Collection online


  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Standing figure of the Jaina yakṣiṇī Ambikā carved in a coarse white marble.

    The goddess, originally four-armed, is carved in high relief against the plain ground of the slab; the base has been given offsets and is inscribed. The goddess wears a tiered crown of the beehive (karaṇḍa) type with her long hair tied into a small bun on one side. Two arms of the goddess have been broken away; in the remaining arms, she holds an elephant goad (aṅkuśa) and what seems to be the bottom of a noose or the stalk of a plant. On one of the stepped faces of the base is a small incised figure of a kneeling female donor with a inscribed label above.


  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1034
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 1285 millimetres
    • Width: 586 millimetres
    • Depth: 265 millimetres
    • Weight: 250 kilograms (estimated weight)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

        Sanskrit (corrupt)
      • Inscription Transliteration

        (1) auṃ | srīmadbhojanāreṃdracaṃdranagarīvidyādharī[*dha]rmmadhīḥ yo ----- [damaged portion] khalu sukhaprasthāpanā
        (2) yāp(sa)rāḥ [*|] vāgdevī[*ṃ] prathama[*ṃ] vidhāya jananī[m] pas[c]āj jinānāṃtrayīm ambā[ṃ] nityaphalā(d)ikāṃ vararuciḥ (m)ūrttim subhā[ṃ] ni-
        (3) rmmame [||] iti subhaṃ || sūtradhāra sahirasutamaṇathaleṇa ghaṭitaṃ || vi[jñā]nika sivadevena likhitam iti ||
        (4) saṃvat 100 91 [||*]
      • Inscription Translation

        Auṃ. Vararuci, who is intent on the dharma of the Candranagarī and Vidyādharī [branches of the Jain religion] of srīmad Bhoja the king, the apsaras [as it were] for the easy removal [of ignorance? by...?], that Vararuci, having first fashioned Vāgdevī the mother [and] afterwards a triad of Jinas, made this beautiful image of Ambā, ever abundant in fruit. Blessings! It was executed by Maṇathala, son of the sūtradhāra Sahira. It was written by Śivadeva the proficient. Year 1091.
      • Inscription Comment

        The inscription records the making of the image of Ambā by Vararuci after he had made a goddess of speech (Vāgdevī ) and three Jinas. This Vararuci may be identified as Dhanapāla, the author who enjoyed a prominent place in the court of king Bhoja.
  • Curator's comments

    The inscription demonstrates that the Vāgdevī at Dhārā was dedicated to the Jaina form of the goddess.

  • Bibliography

    • Mankodi 1981 bibliographic details
    • Willis 2012 bibliographic details
    • Koezuka (1994) Cat. no. 28 bibliographic details
    • Guy & Willis 2007 no. 148 bibliographic details
    • Blurton 1992 p.175, fig.111 bibliographic details
    • Chanda 1936 Pp. 46-7, pl. X bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history


    1994, Kyoto National Museum, Masterpieces of Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture from the British Museum
    1994, Tokyo, Tobu Museum of Art, Masterpieces of Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture from the British Museum
    26 Jul-18 Nov, 2007: Barcelona, CaixaForum, L'Escultura en els Temples Indis. L'Art de Devocio.

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 1880.19 (tracking number assigned in the 1970s)
COMPASS Title: Inscribed stele with the yakshi Ambika

COMPASS Title: Inscribed stele with the yakshi Ambika

Image description



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Object reference number: RRI1300

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