Collection online

stamp

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1880.168

  • Description

    Stamp. Rectangular stamp with pierced handle (broken) and lotus pattern; flat face engraved with a dhāraṇī. Made of stone (steatite).

  • Date

    • 7thC-8thC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 3 centimetres
    • Width: 6.3 centimetres
    • Depth: 4.9 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        proto Sarada
      • Inscription Position

        reverse
      • Inscription Language

        Sanskrit
      • Inscription Transliteration

        1. namo bhagavate vipulavadanakāṃcanotkṣiptaprabhāsak[e]
        2. tu-mūrdhne tathāgat(ā)ya namo bhagavate ś[ā]kyamunaye tathāgatā
        3. y(ā)rhate samyaksaobuddh(ā)ya tadyathå oṃ bodhi bodhi bodhi bodhi [sa]
        4. vatathāgatagocara dhara dhara hara hara prahara prahara ma
        5. h(ā)bodhicittadhara culu culu śataraśmisaocodite sarvata
        6. thāgat(ā)bhi[ṣ]i[kt]e guṇaguṇamate buddhaguṇāvabh(ā)se mi
        7. li mili gaganatale [sarva]tath(ā)gat(ā)dhiṣṭite nabhasta
        8. le śama śama praśama (pra)śama [sarva]pāpapraśamane
        9. sarvapāpaviśodhane hulu hulu mah(ā)vodhim(ā)rgasaopra
        10. sthita sarvatath(ā)gatapratiṣṭ(hi)ta śu sv(ā)h(ā) [oṃ] sarvatathāgata
        11. vyavalokite jaya jaya svāh(ā) [oṃ] huru huru jaya mu
        12. khe sv(ā)h(ā) ye dharm(ā) hetuprabhav(ā) hetus teṣ(ā)ṃ tath(ā)gata prā
        13 ha teṣāṃ ca yo nirodha evaovādī mah(ā) śramaṇa
      • Inscription Comment

        Bodhigarbhālamkāralaksanāma Dhāraṇī. This stamp bears a dhāraṇī or charm in Sanskrit, engraved in reverse for impressing in clay, couched as a litany to Śākyamuni (the golden-eyed, the perfectly enlightened, the refuge of all the Tathāgatas, etc.) It ends: "whosoever constructs a caitya after having written this dhāraṇī and thrown it inside, will gain the merit of having constructed 100,000 caitya-s."
  • Curator's comments

    Zwalf 1985

    Slightly later than the development of the 'stotra' in Buddhism came the 'dhāraṇī', a (usually) brief text in 'sūtra' form embodying a 'mantra', a charm, of frequently unintelligible syllables whose repetition protects from ill or ensures advantage. This stamp bears a 'dhāraṇī' in Sanskrit, engraved in reverse for impressing on clay, couched as a litany to Śākyamuni (the golden-eyed, the perfectly enlightened, the refuge of all the Tathāgatas, etc.). It ends: whoever constructs a 'caitya' after having written this 'dhāraṇī' and thrown it inside, will gain the merit of having constructed 100,000 'caityas'.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Strauch 2009 bibliographic details
    • Zwalf 1985 82 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G1/wp143

  • Exhibition history

    2010/11 14 Oct- 3 Apr, London BM, Images and Sacred Texts: Buddhism across Asia

  • Subjects

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    1880.168

Stamp. Rectangular stamp with pierced handle (broken) and lotus pattern; flat face engraved with a Buddhist dharani. Made of stone (steatite).

Side

Stamp. Rectangular stamp with pierced handle (broken) and lotus pattern; flat face engraved with a Buddhist dharani. Made of stone (steatite).

Image description

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Object reference number: RRI1449

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