Collection online

banknote

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    2002,1015.5

  • Denomination

    • yuan, 2
  • Description

    Banknote. Obverse and reverse printed in dark green and pink, with some red stamps, and one purple stamp.(obverse) Printing presses.
    (reverse) The Sienhsien Mission.

  • Producer name

  • Authority

  • Date

    • 1938 (date on note)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 79 millimetres
    • Width: 143 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        obverse
      • Inscription Language

        French
      • Inscription Content

        Mission de Sienhsien
      • Inscription Type

        signature
      • Inscription Position

        obverse
      • Inscription Language

        French
      • Inscription Content

        E. Kammerer
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        obverse
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        獻縣天主堂印書館 / 02058 / 中華民國廿七年 / 縣政府備案祥鈺銀號代兌 / 維持工薪臨時兌換劵
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Xianxian tianzhutang yinshuaguan / 02058 / Zhonghua minguo nian qi nian / xian zhengfu bei an Xiang Yu yinhao dai dui / weichi gongxin linshi duihuanjuan
      • Inscription Translation

        The Xianxian Mission printing house / 02058 / 27th year of the Republic / The county government has reported that the Xiang Yu Bank will accept / these exchange certificates that are issued as a temporary measure in order that wages may continue to be paid.
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        reverse
      • Inscription Language

        French
      • Inscription Content

        Misson de Sienhsien / 1 / 1938
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        reverse (stamped mark)
      • Inscription Language

        French
      • Inscription Content

        Residence de Sienhsien / J H S
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        reverse (stamped mark)
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        獻縣天主堂
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Xianxian tiangzhutang
      • Inscription Translation

        The Sienhsien Mission
  • Curator's comments

    Information from Dr Gary Tiedemann (History Dept, SOAS): 'The origins of this [the Sienhsien] Mission go back to 1856, when the Vicariate Apostolic of Southeast Zhili was established and assigned to French Jesuits. In 1863 the central mission station, with episcopal residence, was established in the small (predominantly) Christian village of Zhangjiazhuang, just outside the county seat of Xianxian. From these small beginnings a major mission complex developed, with seminary, schools, hospital and orphanages. A major printing operation was established there quite early and many French language texts were printed at Xianxian. It probably was the most important Catholic printing operation outside of Shanghai. Although other bits of the old vicariate apostolic of Southeast Zhili were transferred to Jesuits from other nations and to Chinese secular clergy, the 'Sienhsien' mission remained with French Jesuits to the end of the missionary era. ... The news that banknotes were printed at Xianxian is rather intriguing. Was it for a Japanese puppet administration or for guerilla forces? Or was it just before the Japanese reached that part of Hebei province? ... Eugene Kammerer was the rector of the 'Scolasticat' of Zhangjiazhuang in the Sienhsien misson.'

    For further research (from curator's notes):
    Try archives in Beijing municipal library; for Eugene Kammerer try Paris Jesuit archives (Jesuit archives in Paris and Champagne merged, at Chantilly, Vanves); diplomatic archives (Ministry of Foreign Affairs - for French Embassy in Beijing, consul at Shanghai) in Nantes. P. (P=Pere) Orly(?) possibly a lay brother (not in records); see "Lishi yanjiu" for Xianxian fortifications during Boxer Rebellion.

    More 

  • Location

    Not on display

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    2002

  • Department

    Coins & Medals

  • Registration number

    2002,1015.5

  • Banknote serial number

    • 02058
Banknote. Obverse and reverse printed in dark green and pink, with some red stamps, and one purple stamp.  Printing presses.  The Sienhsien Mission.

Obverse & Reverse

Image description

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Object reference number: CBA200904

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