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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Cosmetic-jug with enamel decorations: in opaque turquoise-blue glass with one handle running from the rim to the shoulder. Circular, slightly convex base from which the body swells out gently to the shoulder and then in to join with the cylindrical neck. The flat, narrow rim has a heavy orange-yellow thread fused to its outer surface. The elaborate decorations, usually referred to as 'painted' are in fact enamel composed of crushed glass, fired. Two registers of yellow festoons on neck. On upper shoulder a register of white dots between yellow lines. Directly below this an inscribed and decorated register between yellow lines. The inscription occupies less than half the register. The balance is covered by a scale pattern in yellow with numerous dots in white and yellow. Covering the major part of the body are three conventionalized tamarisk trees in yellow. A heavy yellow thread encircles the base. The handle (doubtless with a metal armature) was fused in place after the body decorations were completed. Its outer surface is decorated with wide, roughly parallel threads in yellow, white, and dark blue. Core-built. Intact. The shape of the jug clearly follows the hieroglyphic symbol of the nẖnm-vase.


  • Authority

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 9.3 centimetres
    • Width: 4.5 centimetres
    • Depth: 4 millimetres
    • Diameter: 5 centimetres
    • Weight: 0.114 kilograms
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Translation

        'The good god Men-kheper-Ra, given life'.
      • Inscription Comment

        Painted. Prenomen
  • Curator's comments

    This is the first vessel with enamel decorations yet known in the history of glass. These decorations were made from crushed glass applied to the surface and fired. Just how they were applied and maintained in place is not evident. In general, the decorations, although pleasing to the eye, did not fuse well. Under magnification the yellow decorations are full of minute craters and are a rather unpleasing brown in colour with matt surface. The white enamel has fused better and presents a more pleasing surface. That so sophisticated a technique was so well executed implies considerable experience and tradition (Cooney 1976).

    Drawings of the vessel are among the papers of Robert Hay: British Library Add MS 29844A (JHT).


  • Bibliography

    • Roehrig 2005 34 bibliographic details
    • Cooney 1976 764 bibliographic details
    • Tait 1991 fig.22, pp.26-27 bibliographic details
    • Whitehouse 2012 p.18 bibliographic details
    • Shaw & Nicholson 1995 p112 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited: 2005-2006 15 Oct-29 Jan, San Francisco, M H Young Memorial Museum, Hatshepsut 2006 20 Mar-9 Jul, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Hatshepsut 2006 26 Aug-10 Dec, Fort Worth, Kimbell Museum of Art, Hatshepsut
    2016 8 Mar-12 Jun, Cleveland, Cleveland Museum of Art, Pharoah: King of Egypt

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


Core-formed blue glass cosmetic-jar with yellow designs; inscribed on the rim with the prenomen of Thutmose III.

Core-formed blue glass cosmetic-jar with yellow designs; inscribed on the rim with the prenomen of Thutmose III.

Image description



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Object reference number: YCA19469

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