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sealing / seal-impression

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    84526

  • Description

    Baked clay sealing with very faint seal-impression: containing a hieroglyphic inscription. On one side of the cartouche there is part of a boat on the other, part of a lion. A frame with a cord design surrounded the whole, one broad, one narrow, parallel. There are several candidates for ownership of the seal. Incomplete; chipped. Deposit.

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  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 1.625 inches
    • Width: 1.625 inches
    • Length: 30 millimetres (of impression)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        hieroglyphic
      • Inscription Position

        face
      • Inscription Transliteration

        mn-ḫpr-rʿ
      • Inscription Translation

        Men-kheper-Ra
      • Inscription Comment

        Impressed.
  • Curator's comments

    There are several candidates for ownership of the seal:

    a) Thutmose III of the 18th Dynasty.
    Manufacture in his time can be excluded on stylistic grounds; a late repetition of his name, frequent in scarabs, would be pointless in sealings.

    b) The High Priest Men-Kheper-Ra of the 21th Dynasty has been suggested (Porter & Moss VII 397). This is unlikely on historical grounds and would create a hiatus concerning the Shabako-impressions.

    c) Piankhy (25th Dynasty) adopted the name Men-Kheper-Ra as prenomen: on a stela (J. von Beckerath, 'Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaologischen Institutes in Kairo' 24 (1969) pp. 58-62) and on a fragment of a stone vase (the reading is not quite sure), see J.Leclant, 'Recherches sur les monuments thébains de la XXVe dynastie dite éthiopienne' , p. 118 (with bibliography). On a scarab, together with his nomen; see F L Griffith, 'Oxford Excavations in Nubia: The Cemetery in Sanam' 1923, p. 113; pl. LXII 15.

    d) Shebitku (25th Dynasty). His more usual prenomen ḏd-kʒ(w)-rʿ appears alternating with mn-ḫpr-rʿ on a necklace found in a tomb of one of his horses, Dunham, 'El Kurru', p. 113; Pl. LXVIII A 2 (19-4-71). Inanother horse-tomb of the king there was found a faience cartouche with Men-kheper-Ra; see Dunham, loc.cit. (19-4-93).

    The later, peaceful part of the reign of either 25th Dynasty king would be possible for such relations with Assyria. The evidence seems to be better for Pianky.

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  • Bibliography

    • Dunham 1950 p.113, pl.LXVIII A 2 (19-4-71 & 19-4-93) bibliographic details
    • Leclant 1965 p.118 bibliographic details
    • Giveon R 1985a p.168, no.6 bibliographic details
    • Hall 1913 p.290, no.2775-2776 bibliographic details
    • Leichty E et al 1988a p.367 bibliographic details
    • Porter and Moss 1951 p.397 bibliographic details
    • Beckerath 1969 pp.58-62 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Condition

    Fair; incomplete; chipped; deposit.

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1851

  • Department

    Middle East

  • BM/Big number

    84526

  • Registration number

    1851,0902.42


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Object reference number: WCO101266

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