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tomb

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1852,0806.2

  • Description

    Reconstructed stone tomb of Gaius Julius Alpinus Classicianus.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1stC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 2.18 metres
    • Width: 2.3 metres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Language

        Latin
      • Inscription Content

        DIS/[M]ANIBUS/[G(AI) IVL(I) G(AI) F(ILI) F]AB(IA TRIBV) ALPINI CLASSICIANI /.../.../ PROC(VRATORIS) PROVINC(IAE) BRITA[NNIAE] / IVLIA INDI FILIA PACATA I[NDIANA (?)]/ VXOR [F(ECIT)]
      • Inscription Translation

        To the spirits of the departed (and) of Gaius Julius Alpinus Classicianus, son of Gaius, of the Fabian voting tribe, ...procurator of the province of Britain; Julia Pacata I[ndiana], daughter of Indus, his wife, had this built.
  • Curator's comments

    Incorporating 1852,0806.1 & 1935,0712.1.

    For a full commentary on the tombstone see Grasby, R.D. & Tomlin, R.S.O., 2002. 'The Sepulchral monument of the Procurator C. Julius Classicianus', Britannia 33 (2002), 41-75.This is the reconstructed tombstone of Gaius Julius Alpinus Classicianus. His name shows him to have been a member of the Gallic aristocracy, but we know more about him from the Roman historian Tacitus, an unusual instance where we can link a documented person to a burial monument. Nero (reigned AD 54-68) appointed Classsicianus as the procurator (finance minister) of Britain after the revolt of the Iceni led by Queen Boudica in AD 60-61. His job was to correct the financial abuses that had been an important cause of the rebellion.

    In late Roman times (fourth century AD), pieces of the tombstone were re-used in the hurried construction of one of the bastions that protected the walls of Roman London. The first surviving pieces came to light in 1852; further sections were discovered in 1885, when an underground railway was cut through the site, and in 1935.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • R I B I, 12, p. 5-6 bibliographic details
    • Potter 1997 p. 12, fig. 6 bibliographic details
    • Roman Britain 1964 p. 60, fig. 29.5 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G49/od

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1852

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    1852,0806.2

COMPASS Title: Tombstone of Gaius Julius Alpinus Classicianus

Unknown

COMPASS Title: Tombstone of Gaius Julius Alpinus Classicianus

Image description

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