Collection online

coulter

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1819,0313.1

  • Description

    Iron plough coulter. Square-sectioned stem, slightly bent at its top, with a blade which is almost a right angled triangle and which is noticeably worn at its edge. The blade is narrower than the stem with a marked shoulder at the junction. It is not set

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1stC-4thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 695 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Iron plough coulter

    Roman Britain, 1st-4th century AD
    From Great Witcombe, Gloucestershire

    The coulter was a technical innovation introduced to Britain by the Romans. Its function was to make a vertical cut in advance of the plough-share, which then undercut the furrow made by the coulter. This made it easier to cultivate heavy soils. Roman coulters were therefore stout knife-like iron blades with a heavy shaft by which they were secured to the plough's wooden beam.

    Manning 1985

    Bibliography: Lysons 1819, 178; Payne 1947, 111.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Manning 1985 F6 bibliographic details
    • Roman Britain 1964 p. 46, fig. 21.a.1 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G49/dc16

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1819

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    1819,0313.1


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Object reference number: BCB60082

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