Collection online

mummy-wrapping / human mummy

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Mummy of an adult man, name unknown. The preparation has been carried out with great care and skill by the embalmer, and the rounded and shapely contours of a living body have been skillfully imitated. The features of the face are painted upon the outermost wrappings. The fingers and toes are each wrapped separately; the forearms have a series of bandages applied in geometric patterns. The nipples, finger-nails and toe-nails are all gilded; a lotus flower has been painted on each knee. A waistband, armlets and anklets are decorated with plaited cordage and cross straps of similar material pass behind the neck and across the abdomen and thighs. Skull - From the appearance of the nasal region, it may be deduced that the brain has been removed through the nostrils. The face and nose have been modelled in resin-soaked linen, and the nose unusually assumes its prominent form. Part of the skull is obscured, but there are obvious fractures, and the cervical spine is intact. Severe dental disease, with teeth missing and several abscesses. Thorax and Abdomen - The thoracic upper aones have been packed with a dense homogeneous mass which is probably sand, mud and resin. A similar mass occupies the pelvis. The masses are inside the body-cavity. Between these masses are four dense cylindrical opacities. Two are in the lower part of the right hemithorax and one is lying horizontally above the pelvic filling. Just below the two objects in the right hemithorax is a less dense cylindrical object and in the left flank a similar but larger mass. The material used to accentuate the breasts is shown as a granular opacity in both mammary areas. Arms - Extended at the sides of the body, the hands with extended fingers in contact with the outer aspect of the thighs. Legs - The menisci are opaque; otherwise the limbs are normal.


  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 41.5 centimetres
    • Width: 170.2 centimetres
    • Depth: 26.5 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    When acquired, this mummy was in a coffin of a much earlier date bearing the name of a woman Mutemmenu (.6703), which may be assigned to the 19th or 20th Dynasties.

    C. Riggs, in J. H. Taylor and N. Strudwick (eds.), ‘The Theban Necropolis : past, present and future’ (London, 2003), p.191 [pl.98];
    N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, p. 311.
    J.H. Taylor & D. Antoine, Ancient lives, new discoveries, London 2014, pp. 134-149.


  • Bibliography

    • Dawson & Gray 1968 64 bibliographic details
    • Strudwick 2006 p.311 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G63/dc7

  • Exhibition history

    2014-15 22 May to 19 April, London, British Museum, 'Ancient Lives, New Discoveries'

  • Condition


  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Lot 580

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • BS.6704 (Birch Slip Number)


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Object reference number: YCA56055

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