Collection online


  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Book of the Dead of Hunefer (Hw-nfr); frame 8; fully coloured vignettes; coloured border. Spell 17.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 70 centimetres (frame)
    • Width: 46.3 centimetres (frame)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

        cursive hieroglyphic
      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

        Middle Egyptian
      • Inscription Translation

        Titles/epithets include : Estate Overseer of Menmaatra; Overseer of the Cattle of the Lord of the Two Lands; King's Scribe Titles/epithets include : Lady of the House; Chantress of Amun
      • Inscription Comment

        Book of the Dead: 17
  • Curator's comments

    'Book of the Dead' papyri are first found in the early New Kingdom c.1450 BC and the finest (like Hunefer's) were written by expert scribes and decorated by master draftsmen. Perhaps, as royal scribe, it was Hunefer himself who put brush to ink to inscribe his own papyrus.

    Sheet composed of 30 lines of black and red cursive hieroglyphic text with black dividing lines. Above the text is a polychrome vignette in a band at the top, separated by black/yellow lines. Spell 17.

    Vignette depicts seven seated figures holding knives, one of which is seated in a booth; the deceased worshipping five seated deities; a cat slaying a snake by a tree. Black cursive hieroglyphic captions identify the deceased and the deities; Ra, Shu, Tefnut, Geb and Ba-Djedet (ba of Mendes). Framed by black/yellow lines.

    Composition framed by red and yellow lines; fills sheets. Very little text/image loss except for yellow paint which has faded.Tarasenko, Mykola. 2016. Studies on the vignettes from chapter 17 of the Book of the Dead. I, The image of mś.w Bdšt in ancient Egyptian mythology (Archaeopress Egyptology 16), Oxford, p. 3, 91-92, 99-100, fig. 4, appendix 1, p. 111.


  • Bibliography

    • Trismegistos 134351 ( bibliographic details
    • Quirke 1993 89 bibliographic details
    • Taylor 2010 fig. 12 bibliographic details
    • Parkinson 1999 fig. 29 bibliographic details
    • Taylor 2010 no. 160 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history


    2010 4th Nov-2011 6th March, Round Reading Room BM, Book of the Dead

  • Condition

    Papyrus Survey: Condition Details: Papyrus: bleached Black ink Red ink Pigment (faded) Backed: white paper Displayed in Room 62 until 2000 Displayed in Room 61 from 2001 until 2007 Mount Details: Sandwich: glass Sandwich: board Binding: Filmoplast T self adhesive linen tape Object Priority: B Mount Priority: A Overall Condition: B Curatorial condition comment: good (but bleached in part)

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Book of the Dead
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Frame.8
  • Joined objects

Book of the Dead of Hunefer (Hw-nfr) ; sheet 8; fully coloured vignettes;  coloured border. Spell 17.

Book of the Dead of Hunefer (Hw-nfr) ; sheet 8; fully coloured vignettes; coloured border. Spell 17.

Image description



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Object reference number: YCA65781

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