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sarcophagus

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA32

  • Description

    Black siltstone rectangular sarcophagus of Ankhnesneferibra, God's Adorer of Amun, daughter of Psamtek II: the exterior and interior are incised with vertical registers of hieroglyphs, containing prayers and invocations to the gods derived from a number of sources including the 'Pyramid Texts'. The base of the interior is elaborated with a relief representation of Hathor, as goddess of the west; the sarcophagus was later usurped by a priest of Montu, Amenhotep-Pimontu, in the early Roman Period, who is responsible for the addition of the horizontal register of hieroglyphs around the rim and the usurpation of the cartouches. The sarcophagus, hollowed from a single block of stone, has flat exterior surfaces of excellent smoothness, although the stone has not been highly polished. A band some 8-10cm high along the base was left rough, possibly indicating the depth to which the coffin was set into the floor of the burial chamber, in the original interment. On the interior, the sides were cut so as to create a shaped receptacle for the burial, rounded at the head end and widest across the shoulders. Above this shaped area, the upper parts of the sides were cut back to a flat surface, forming a rectangular socket to accommodate the projecting part of the lid. All the upper edge of the foot end of the box has been broken, and some of the loose fragments have now been replaced in position.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 530BC (circa)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 259 centimetres (max)
    • Width: 115.5 centimetres (max)
    • Height: 112 centimetres (including lid)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        hieroglyphic
      • Inscription Position

        exterior and interior
      • Inscription Translation

        Titles/epithets include : God's Adorer of Amun Titles/epithets include : Goddess of the West Titles/epithets include : Priest of Montu
      • Inscription Comment

        In relief. Many vertical registers of incised hieroglyphs. One later horizontal register of hieroglyphs.
  • Curator's comments

    Bibliography:
    B. Porter & R. Moss, 'Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings' I (Part 2) (Oxford, 1964), p.685-6 K. Myśliwiec, 'Royal Portraiture of the Dynasties XXI-XXX' (Mainz am Rhein, 1988), 65, 121; pl. LXVIa;
    S. Albersmeier, Untersuchungen zu den Frauenstatuen des ptolemäischen Ägypten (Mainz am Rhein, 2002), 83 n. 487;
    N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 276-7.
    Tarasenko, Mykola. 2016. Studies on the vignettes from chapter 17 of the Book of the Dead. I, The image of mś.w Bdšt in ancient Egyptian mythology (Archaeopress Egyptology 16), Oxford, p. 38.

    Texts: C.E. Sander-Hansen, 'Die religioesen Texts auf dem Sarg der Anchnesneferibre' (Kopenhagen 1937).

    Comments on the find-spot: G. Nagel, 'Fouilles de Deir el- Médineh (Nord) [1928]' (Cairo 1929), 15–22.

    Compare S. Quirke, ‘Ancient Egyptian Religion’ (London, 1992), p. 98; H. & N. Strudwick, 'Thebes in Egypt' (Ithaca & New York, 1999), pp.136-8.

    Being studied as part of PhD by Elisabeth Greifenstein (University of Wuerzburg).

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  • Bibliography

    • Strudwick 2006 pp.276-277 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G4/B6

  • Condition

    good

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Pyramid Texts (derived from)
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1836

  • Acquisition notes

    Acquired in Paris. See Nagel, Deir el-Medineh Nord (1928), 19-20.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA32

  • Registration number

    .32

  • Additional IDs

    • ES.32
Lid of the black siltstone sarcophagus of Ankhnesneferibra, God's Adorer of Amun, daughter of Psamtek II and wife of Amasis: the upper surface is decorated with a figure of Ankhnesneferibra in low relief, shown in full regalia, with double-plumed headdres

Lid of the black siltstone sarcophagus of Ankhnesneferibra, God's Adorer of Amun, daughter of Psamtek II and wife of Amasis: the upper surface is decorated with a figure of Ankhnesneferibra in low relief, shown in full regalia, with double-plumed headdres

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Object reference number: YCA69167

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