Collection online

The Amarna Letters

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • The Amarna Letters
  • Description

    Clay tablet inscribed in Babylonian cuneiform; letter from the ruler Yapahu of Gezer to the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III or Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten), including a request for help against marauders named as Hapiru (the Biblical Hebrews), a group known in the Near East since the early 2nd millennium BC as raiders, mercenaries and labourers, and later as simply dispossessed and homeless people; 4+4 columns?; 26 lines; complete.


  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 14thC BC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 4.25 inches
    • Width: 3.375 inches
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

  • Bibliography

    • Sigrist M et al 2006a bibliographic details
    • Knudtzon, J A 1915a 299 bibliographic details
    • Bezold 1892a 49 bibliographic details
    • Leichty E et al 1988a p.175 bibliographic details
    • Barnett 1977a page 14 no. 2 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G57/dc8

  • Condition

    Good / fair; complete.

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Purchased by Budge in Egypt.

  • Department

    Middle East

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • EA 299 (Amarna number)


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: WCT53273

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 


Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help