Collection online

seal-impression / seal

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1842,0926.6

  • Description

    Seal-matrix of Townseal of Boppard; bronze; circular.
    Obverse: church with two gabled towers on the left, round windows and arcades surrounded by a wall. Each church tower is surmounted by a cross. Brickwork on one of the towers (the second is partly hidden). Chancel is lower than the nave. Imbrications on the roof of the building and a ridge of intersecting semi-circles. At the end an eagle displayed facing left with spread wings. The surrounding wall is embattled with bastions and a portal with a round doorway in which stands the figure of St Severus robed and nimed.
    Inscription in legend within the borders and interior inscription below the arcade of the clerestory.
    Massive loop at the top.
    With wax impression.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1228-1236
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 109 millimetres
    • Width: 90 millimetres
    • Depth: 17 millimetres (of loop)
    • Depth: 8 millimetres (die)
    • Weight: 350 grammes
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Lombardic
      • Inscription Position

        obverse, legend
      • Inscription Language

        Latin
      • Inscription Content

        +BOPARDIA.LIBERVM.ET:SPETIALE:OPIDVM.ROMANI.IMPERII.
      • Inscription Translation

        Free and private Boppard, city of the Roman Empire.
        Freies und privates Boppard, Stadt des Römischen Reiches.
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Lombardic
      • Inscription Position

        obverse, interior
      • Inscription Language

        Latin
      • Inscription Content

        S'SEVERUS
      • Inscription Transliteration

        S[ANCTUS] SEVERUS
      • Inscription Translation

        St Severus.
  • Curator's comments

    Modern wax and plaster impression.

    The saint is identified as St. Severus, the patron saint of the church and named in interior inscription. The eagle refers to the inscription in legend as the eagle of the Roman Empire.

    Text from 'Good Impressions: Image and Authority in Medieval Seals', ed. Adams, Cherry and Robinson. British Museum 2008. Handlist no.11.1.
    "Seal from Boppard-on-Rhine
    The seal of Boppard is a masterpiece of engraving with a representation of the city's cathedral. Perched on the roof is a magnificent eagle. St Severus, the patron saint, stands in the gateway."

    Bibliography:
    W. Becker 'Boppard am Rhein. Ein Heimatbuch': Die Pfarrkirche Sankt Severus, Boppard 1958, p.43-53
    E. v. Berchem 'Siegel', Berlin 1918, p. 109
    Toni Diederich 'Mittelalterliche Siegelstempel des Rheinlandes. Beobachtungen und Schlussfolgerungen' in: Middelalderlige seglstamper i Norden, ed. Andersen and Tegnér, Roskilde Museums Forlag 2002, p. 121
    Toni Diederich 'Rheinische Städtesiegel' Neuss 1984, p. 129 and 198
    Toni Diederich 'Die alten Siegel der Stadt Köln' Köln 1980, p. 37 and p. 95, no. 142
    Wilhelm Ewald ' Rheinische Siegel' vol. III, Düsseldorf 1931, p. 99, no. 3 and vol. V, p. 15
    F. J. Heyen 'Reichsgur im Rheinland. Die Geschichte des königlichen Fiskus Boppard' (Rheinisches Archiv 48), Bonn 1956, p.87
    Erich Kittel 'Siegel', Braunschweig 1970, p. 296
    Klein 'Geschichte von Boppard', Boppard 1909, p.55
    F. Pauly 'Das Erzbistum Trier 2: Die Stifte St. Severus in Boppard, St. Goar in St Goar, Liebfrauen in Oberwesel, St. Martin in Oberwesel' (Germania Sacra NF 14,2), Berlin, New York 1980, p.10
    K. Rossel ' Die Pfarkirche S. Severus in Boppard', Wiesbaden 1861, p.5-11
    'Das Siegel. Gebrauch und Bedeutung', ed. Gabriele Signori, Darmstadt 2007, p. 119
    'Die Zeit der Staufer', ed. Reiner Hausherr, Stuttgart : Württembergisches Landesmuseum, 1977, Vol. I, p. 17 and 18, no. 142 and R. Kahsnitz 'Siegel und Goldbullen' p.95

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  • Bibliography

    • Adams et al 2008 11.1 bibliographic details
    • de Gray Birch 1900 21,460 bibliographic details
    • Robinson 2008 p. 188 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:
    2016 Oct – 2017 Feb, Spain, CaixaForum Madrid, Medieval Europe,
    2017 Mar – Jun, Spain, CaixaForum Barcelona, Medieval Europe,
    2017 Jul – Oct, Spain, CaixaForum Zaragoza, Medieval Europe.
    2015 - 2016 11 Dec- 10 Apr, Australia, Brisbane, Queensland Museum, Medieval Europe, power and legacy. 2012-2013 Nov-Mar, Germany, Bonn, Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle, Treasures of the World's Cultures 1977 26 Mar-5 Jun, Germany, Stuttgart, Wurrtembergisches Landesmuseum, Die Zeit der Staufer

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1842

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    1842,0926.6

  • Additional IDs

    • TSC German I/Local 2
Seal-matrix of Townseal of Boppard; bronze; circular.  Obverse: church with two gabled towers on the left, round windows and arcades surrounded by a wall. Each church tower is surmounted by a cross. Brickwork on one of the towers (the second is partly hid

Seal-matrix of Townseal of Boppard; bronze; circular. Obverse: church with two gabled towers on the left, round windows and arcades surrounded by a wall. Each church tower is surmounted by a cross. Brickwork on one of the towers (the second is partly hid

Image description

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