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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Online tours: Middle East

Agatha Christie and archaeology

Some of the artefacts from the sites that the writer and her husband Max Mallowan excavated in the Middle East (1928-58) together with photographs that she made there.

The kingdoms of ancient South Arabia

A look at some of the artefacts in the British Museum that illustrate the importance and splendour of the South Arabian kingdoms.

The Queen of Sheba

An introduction to the Queen in myth and art.

Iran before Islam: The Sasanians

A look at the Sasanian dynasty, which ruled Iran before Islam and followed Zoroastrianism.