Large pottery storage jar (pithos)

Minoan, about 1450-1400 BC
From Knossos, Crete

This large storage jar was found in the third 'magazine' (store-room) in the West wing of the palace at Knossos by a Cretan antiquary from Herakleion, named Minos Kalokairinos, who conducted small-scale excavations there in 1878, before the arrival of Arthur Evans. He sent a number of jars like this one to various European museums, and his excavations confirmed the archaeological potential of the site.

The storage of large quantities of agricultural produce, mainly grain crops, olive oil and wine, was one of the main functions of the palaces of Minoan Crete. Gathered from the surrounding countryside, it was then used or redistributed by the palaces. Through this, they reinforced their control of the island.

The rope decoration may reflect the way such huge jars were transported. Once in place, they must have been filled and emptied using smaller vessels or dippers.

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More information

Bibliography

R. Higgins, Minoan and Mycenean art-1, revised edition (London, 1979)

Dimensions

Height: 113.000 cm

Museum number

GR 1884.8-7.1 (Vases A 739)

GAA6208

Gift of Minos Kalokairinos

Location

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