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Greek and Roman sculpture (Room 23)
1st century BC – 2nd century AD
Rome’s conquest of Greece by the first century BC, subjected Roman artistic taste to the influence of Greek style. Many of the sculptures on display in Room 23 are Roman versions of Greek originals.
Roman copies often provide useful information on the appearance of ancient bronze sculptures that no longer exist.
One such marble statue on display in Room 23 may have been inspired by the famous lost Greek bronze of a 'diadoumenos' (athlete binding a victory ribbon around his head), originally created by the sculptor Polykleitos in the fifth century BC.