- Also known as
- Scope note
- The Mediterranean region is defined here as including all the countries directly bordering the Mediterranean sea as well as the Mediterranean sea itself. The term is derived from the Latin “mediterraneus”, literally “in the middle of the earth” and reflects the state of knowledge of the world’s geography during the Classical period. The modern countries consist of: Spain, Gibraltar, Malta, France, Monaco, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco. They therefore encompass parts of western and southern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. At different periods, all or part of the region was directly connected by maritime trade, fishing, colonisation and/or political control and it is therefore sometimes useful to consider the region as a whole.
Objects in the British Museum collection which are recorded on the database as from or produced in the Mediterranean were found or produced in these coastal areas. However, if a specific site or country is known, the specific placename should be entered rather than 'Mediterranean'. The Narrow Term 'Mediterranean Sea' is used for underwater finds, or other associations such as topography.
The term 'Mediterranean' is only used as a Broad Term for 'Mediterranean Sea', not for the countries which border it.
- Narrower terms