- Also known as
Pierre, Duc de Blacas d'Aulps
primary name: Blacas d'Aulps
other name: (Duc de) Blacas, Pierre Louis Jean Casimir
- individual; collector; politician/statesman; French; Male
- Life dates
- Nobleman and collector born at the Chateau de Verignon (10th January 1771) and in 1789 became a Captain of dragoons. A loyal royalist, he left France after the Revolution and (from 1793) pursued an adventurous career in Italy and eastern Europe. He married in 1814 in London and his eldest son, Louis Charles Pierre Casimir, was born there in April 1815. Blacas, following the restoration of the monarchy, returned to France and became Premier Gentilhomme de la Chambre du Roi to both Louis XVIII and Charles X. he was identified as the leader of the ultras, and, following the exile of the latter, left France and spent the remainder of his life living in various European countries. He died in Prague on 17th November 1839.
Blacas is significant as a 'patron' of Champollion and as a collector of coins, antique gems and other antiquities. This collection, subsequently much enlarged by his eldest son, was bought by Newton for the BM in 1866 following a special Treasury Grant of £48,000. This coup caused outrage in France.
(NB: It is not always possible to ascertain whether any particular object was acquired for the collection by either the father or his son.)
- Andrea Milanese, 'PLJC duc de Blacas, collectionneur et mécène entre Florence, Rome, Naples et Paris', in Monica Preti-Hamard & Philippe Sénéchal (eds), 'Collections et marché de l'art en France 1789-1848', Rennes 2005, pp.327-47.
Dawson & E. Uphill, 'Who Was Who in Egyptology' (third revised edition edited by Morris Bierbrier, London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1995).