- Also known as
Bouchard & Gravier
primary name: Bouchard & Gravier
other name: Bauchard & Gravier
other name: Bouchard, Giovanni
other name: Bouchard, Jean
other name: Gravier
- individual; publisher/printer; Italian; Male
- Other dates
- 1750-1789 (fl.)
- Corso, Rome
or Rue du cours (via del Corso) près St Marcel, Rome
Montègre on French in XVIIIc Rome
- Booksellers (and publishers) in the Corso near San Marcello. Of French origin. Originally just Giovanni Bouchard; Gravier partner by 1760s (presumably a member of the Gravier family of retail booksellers from Briançon, who operated in Genoa, Rome, Florence and Portugal). Famous as publishers of Piranesi's early prints. Specialists in volumes on antiquities. Still publishing in 1789.
Members of the Bouchard family established independent (but co-operating) businesses in Florence (Pierre from c.1730), Bologna (under Joseph Guibert) and Rome, where Jean set up in later 1740s (b.c.1716, d.1795). Married an Italian, and three sons entered the business. Jean Joseph Gravier (b.1728, d.1797) joined as minor partner in mid 1750s. Main trade in importing French books, as seen in two surviving catalogues of early 1750s and late 1760s. No special bias towards the fine arts in catalogues, but they had a separate trade in maps and prints. On the prints see Montègre pp.172-4. Publishing Piranesi from the beginning, filling void left by Papal purchase of the Rossi firm in 1743. Sons became Jacobin in late 1790s and firm dissolved, leading to separate firms of Bouchard and of Gravier being founded in first half of XIXc.
For shop sign of c.1774, see J.History of Collections 1999, p.38.
- Gilles Montègre, 'La Rome des Français aux temps des Lumières', Ecole française de Rome, 2011, pp.160-92.