- Also known as
R & S Garrard & Co
primary name: Garrard & Co, R & S
other name: Garrard & Co Ltd
other name: Garrard, James
other name: Garrard, Robert
other name: Garrard, Sebastion
other name: Taylor, William
other name: Wakelin & Garrard
other name: Wakelin & Taylor
other name: Wakelin, John
- individual; manufacturer/factory; shop/business; British
- Life dates
- No.31, Panton Street, Haymarket, London (1818)
from 1911, Albemarle Street, London, W1.
from 1952, 112 Regent Street, London W1.
- Manufacturing and retail jewellers and silversmiths. The founder of the firm was George Wickes who was apprenticed to Samuel Wastell in 1712 and free in 1720. His first mark was entered in 1722. He entered his Panton Street marks in 1735 and it is clear from the surviving Garrards' ledger that this is when he began an independent existence. The firm was known successively as George Wickes, Craig & Wickes, George Wickes, Wickes & Netherton, Parker & Wakelin, Wakelin & Taylor, Wakelin & Garrard and when Robert Garrard took sole control in 1802 it had already been established in Panton Street for sixty-seven years. On his death in 1818 he was succeeded by his three eldest sons Robert Garrard (junior), James Garrard and Sebastian Garrard, trading as R J & S Garrard. James Garrard appears to have retired c.1835 and from then until 1843, the year in which they succeeded Rundell, Bridge & Co as Crown Jewellers, they traded as R & S Garrard. From 1843 they were known as R & S Garrard & Co. and from 1909 they have traded as Garrard & Co Ltd .
Trade card in Heal Collection (Heal,67.159) advertises "R. Garrard & Brothers, (late Wakelin & Garrard) Goldsmiths & Jewellers, To his Majesty, Panton St. Haymarket, London." Heal's annotations on mount: "John Wakelin & Robert Garrard, Panton St. 1792-1802. Robert Garrard I, Panton St. 1802. R. Garrard Brothers: [Robert II, James & Sebastion Garrard, sons of Robert Garrard I] 1818. See Chaffer's 'Gilda Aurifabrorum' p.94 & 'History of Garrards'. A billhead in A.H.'s collection of Royal Household bills of R., J. & S. Garrard (late Wakelin & Garrard) is dated 1820. A billhead in same collection of Wakelin & Garrard is dated 1803."
Heal,67.414 is a bill-head stating "Bought of Wakelin & Garrard, Goldsmiths & Jewellers to their Majesties, Panton Street, Hay Market, London". Heal's annotations on mount as above except: "A billhead of Wakelin & Garrard dated 20 Feb. 1798 is in the Guildhall Library.."
Heal,67.415 is a bill-head stating "Bought of John Wakelin & William Taylor, Goldsmiths and Jewellers to his Majesty, Panton Street, St. James's." The bill is dated "1782 June 18." Heal's annotations on mount: "Chaffer's 'Gilda Aurifabrorum' gives Wakelin & Taylor as successors to Parker & Wakelin in 1776-1792. London Directories give them in Panton Street up to 1796. Wakelin & Taylor were succeeded by Wakelin & Garrard." Banks,67.67+ is a bill-head stating "Bought of R.J. & S. Garrard. Late Wakelin & Garrard. Goldsmiths & Jewellers, to the King and Royal Family. Panton Street, Haymarket, London." The bill is dated 1825.
Bill-head in Banks Collection (Banks,67.159+) states "Garrard. Received of [inserted in manuscript is: The Rt. Hon. Lord Willoughby]..." The bill is dated "London 25 May 1826." Bill-head in Banks Collection (Banks,67.224) states "Bought of Wakelin & Garrard, Goldsmiths & Jewellers to their Majesties, Panton Street, Hay Market, London." The bill is dated "22nd July 1800."
Trade card in Banks Collection (D,2.1708) advertises "Wakelin & Tayler, Goldsmiths & Jewellers, Panton Street... Successors to Parker and Wakelin."
- John Culme, 'The Directory of Gold & Silversmiths', Woodbridge 1987.
Arthur G Grimwade, 'London Goldsmiths 1697-1837 Their Marks & Lives', London 1976.
Elaine Barr, 'George Wickes, Royal Goldsmith', London 1980.
Christopher Lever, 'The Story of Garrards', The Connoisseur, June 1974.