- Also known as
primary name: Holland, Compton
- individual; publisher/printer; British; Male
- Life dates
- 1616 fl-d.1621
- At the Signe of the Globe over against the Exchange.
- The most important London print publisher of his day after Sudbury & Humble; he issued a remarkable number of plates in a short period of time. His address was at the Sign of the Globe in Cornhill over against the Exchange. His will (PRO Prob 11/139) shows that he was the son of the translator Philemon Holland, and brother to Henry Holland (qv) who entered several of his plates in the registers of the Stationers' Company on his behalf.
He first appears in 1616 when he published the engravings of Simon de Passe, the son of Crispin de Passe, who had newly arrived in London. This suggests that Holland may have been responsible for bringing him to England, and the link would have been through Henry Holland who seems to have taken over the position of Crispin de Passe's London distributor after the death of Woutneel (see 'Print in Stuart Britain' pp.18,56). Simon, however, soon transferred to the rival firm of Sudbury & Humble, and Compton henceforth had to employ lesser talents such as Francis Delaram. In 1618 Compton published the Basiliologia in association with Henry Holland, but had (apparently) no involvement with the Heroologia in 1620 (see 'Print in Stuart Britain' cats.9 and 10).
Besides numerous portraits Compton published topical prints (eg A true report and exact description of a mighty monster or whale cast upon ... Harwich in Essex, in 1617, STC 20892) and salacious anti-Catholic propaganda (a photocopy of a plate with a monk whipping women is in the BM).
The latest date of any print carrying his name is 1620 (for two dated 1620, see Hind III 9.5, and 20.34). But a number of prints are known from the three following years, 1621-3, that give his address (though not his name) at the Globe over against the Exchange: see for example the Nine Worthies by Robert Vaughan of 1622 (Hind III 89.114), the Marquis of Hamilton by Droeshout (Hind II 353.8) of 1623, and the undated set of months also by Vaughan. The explanation is given by his will which was written in Jume 1621 when he was already very ill; he died the following January. He left his estate to his widow Hester, and it was probably she who was continuing the business.
Many of Compton's plates subsequently passed to John Hinde, and from him to Thomas Hinde and thence to Stent. Other plates went to Roger Daniell (eg. Hind II 378.37). In 1628 William Webb was publishing at the Globe in Cornhill right against Birchin Lane end, and he may have taken over Holland's shop and business.
- A M Hind, 'Engraving in England in the sixteenth & seventeenth centuries', Cambridge, 1952