- Also known as
primary name: Clayton, Emilius
- individual; military/naval; official; British; Male
- Other dates
- 1870s-1890s (active)
- Captain in the Royal Artillery, when appointed British Vice-Consul at Van where he took up his appointment in July 1879. Ottoman objections to his having a wider remit over the whole of Kurdistan meant that his responsibility was limited to the province of Van. This and other correspondence to and from Clayton are published by B.N. Şimşir, (ed.), 'British Documents on Ottoman Armenians', vol. I (1856-1880), Ankara, q.v. Clayton.
He excavated on behalf of Hormuzd Rassam (q. v.) with Mr Raynolds (q.v.) at the Urartian city-site of Van in eastern Turkey in 1879/80. Correspondence from Clayton to A.H. Layard (q.v.), dated 11 May 1880, details the position of his excavations and some of the principal finds (ME Correspondence 1868-81, 'Por-Rav', item 5309). A summary description of the results, principal finds, and subsequent reuse of the masonry by local inhabitants who were also responsible for other finds appearing on the art market (and thence to Berlin), plus the later excavations by Messrs Belck and Lehmann in 1898 are descibed by H.F.B. Lynch (1901), 'Armenia: Travels and Studies', London: Longmans, Green, and Co., pp. 62-64. Clayton published two articles following his experiences at Van: "The Mountains of Kurdistan", 'Alpine Journal' [London], 13 (1887), pp.293-300; "Consular experiences in Turkey", 'Proceedings of the Royal Artillery Institution' 24 (1897), pp. 427-43.