- Also known as
Colonel Falkland G.E Warren
primary name: Warren, Falkland G E
- individual; military/naval; British; Male
- Life dates
- Falkland Warren was a career soldier and colonial officer who also collected and dealt in antiquities while based in Cyprus between 1878 and 1890. Material from his collection in the BM was donated or purchased principally in 1888 and 1910, including the two important bilingual Cypriot Syllabic-Phoenician inscriptions, and numerous large stone and terracotta sculptures, from the sanctuary of Tamassos-Phrangissa.
He was born in 1834 and joined the army as an artillery officer at the age of 18, serving in India during the 1850s. He was posted to Cyprus in 1878 by the new British administration, first working as assistant district commissioner at Larnaca under Claude Cobham. He was rapidly promoted to Chief Secretary to the government, a position he held for ten years until his retirement in 1889.
Throughout the 1880s he acquired a large collection of ancient artefacts through licensed excavations by Ohnefalsch-Richter at Ayia Paraskevi (Nicosia), Kourion (1883-1884), and Tamassos (modern Politiko) largely as a financial venture. The latter resulted in a high profile court case and subsequent scandal concerning the issue of official permits to dig, especially as Warren had been able to validate his own applications for licenses as Chief Secretary; this eventually led to changes to the law governing the conduct of excavations which were increasingly restricted to institutional bodies such as the Cyprus Exploration Fund.
After leaving the island in 1890, Warren subsequently migrated to Canada to work for the Canadian Pacific Railway, taking a large portion of his collection with him. At least 350 items were passed to the National Art Gallery in Ottawa, which are now housed in the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. He died in 1908.
- Buchholz H.-G. 1991, ‘Tamassos-Phrangissa (1885)’, Cahier du Centre d’Études Chypriotes 16, 3-15
Buchholz H.-G. 2001, ‘Falkland Warren’, in ed. V. Tatton-Brown, Cyprus in the 19th century A.D. Fact, fancy and fiction (London), 207-15.
Given M. 2001, ‘The fight for the past. Watkins vs. Warren (1885-1886) and the control of excavation’, in ed. V. Tatton-Brown, Cyprus in the 19th century A.D. Fact, fancy and fiction (London), 255-60.
Karageorghis V. et al. 2003, Cypriote antiquities in the Royal Ontario Museum. (Nicosia.
Masson O. 1989, ‘Le Colonel Falkland Warren à Chypre, 1878-1880’ Cahier du Centre d’Études Chypriotes 11/12, 29-34.