- Also known as
George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle
primary name: Howard, George James
other name: (Earl of) Carlisle
- individual; painter/draughtsman; sculptor/medallist; British; Male
- Life dates
- Castle Howard, York (1892)
- Painter, who also made medals. Son of Charles Wentworth George Howard (1814-1879); B.A. Camb.; On the death of his father in 1879, he was elected Liberal MP for East Cumberland, lost the seat in 1880, but regained it in 1881. In 1885 opposed Gladstone's Home Rule Bill for Ireland, joining the Liberal Unionists, when the constituency of East Cumberland was replaced by the single seat of North Cumberland declined to stand in the election of 1886. Succeeded his uncle, William George Howard (1808–1889), the eighth earl of Carlisle, in 1889. Was taught etching by Alphonse Legros (q.v.). In 1865 had travelled to Italy where he studied painting under Giovanni Costa, on his return to London continued his artistic training at the Kensington School of Art and with the painter J. M. Leigh at Heatherley's Art School. His circle of artist friends included Frederic Leighton, Ford Madox Brown, William Holman Hunt, Val Prinsep, Edward Lear, Alphonse Legros, George Frederic Watts, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and Edward Poynter. After succeeding to the Carlisle title, increasingly left the management of the family estates to his wife in order to devote himself to his painting. Travelled widely in Italy and Egypt especially, but also to India, South Africa, and the West Indies, this provided the influence for much landscape painting, though he continued to paint the countryside in Cumberland, Yorkshire, and Northumberland. Exhibited oils and watercolours at the Grosvenor Gallery between 1877 and 1887. With W. B. Richmond, M. R. Corbet, and others, founded the Etruscan school of painting, 1882, group of Italian and English artists, of whom Giovanni Costa was the leader. From 1881 until his death sat on the board of trustees of the National Gallery, becoming chairman. Involved in the founding of the Tate Gallery, and a member of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings. From the late 1880s onwards began to sell items from the collections at Castle Howard, including pictures by Canaletto and his contemporaries, a series of drawings by François Clouet, and a collection which was sold to the British Museum.
George Howard and his Circle (Exh. City Art Gallery, Carlisle, 1968)
V. Surtees, The artist and the autocrat: George and Rosalind Howard, earl and countess of Carlisle (1988)
C. Newall, The Etruscans: painters of the Italian landscape, 1850–1900 (1989) [exhibition catalogue, Stoke-on-Trent City Museum and Art Gallery, 1989]
A portfolio previously owned by George Howard containing prints by Alphonse Legros 2019.7015.349-2019.7015.362 and reproductions of his work was also acquired with the John Christian collection. The portfolio and reproductions have been kept in the portfolio store Prints and Drawings Dept.