- Also known as
primary name: Wechtlin, Hans
other name: Pilgrim, Johann Ulrich
- individual; painter/draughtsman; printmaker; German; Male
- Life dates
- 1480/85-1526 after
- Painter and wood-engraver in Strasbourg. Best known for his group of twelve single-sheet colour woodcuts, which are all very rare. From 1505 he was employed as a painter for one year by Duke René of Lorraine in Nancy. He became a citizen of Strasbourg in 1514; His earliest woodcuts, showing scenes from the life of Christ, appeared as book illustrations published by J. Grüninger in Strasbourg in 1502. His signature "Io V" is often accompanied by crossed pilgrim's staves, on the basis of which he was given the fictitious name of Johann Ulrich Pilgrim by early commentators. H. Loedel was the first to make the correct identification in 1851 (published by R. His last dated work was the design for a title-page to Gersdorff's 'Wundarznei', published by Schott in Strasbourg in 1526.
- Bartsch listed ten of the colour woodcuts under Pilgrim; Passavant increased the oeuvre to sixty-one with the addition of book illustrations, one further colour woodcut, the 'Pyrgoteles' (Passavant, III, p. 334, 57). The eleven colour woodcuts and the drawing were reproduced in facsimile woodcuts by H. Loedel in 'Des Strassburger Malers und Formschneiders Johann Wechtlin genannt Pilgrim Holzschnitte in Clairobscur', Leipzig, Rudolph Weigel, 1863. A twelfth colour woodcut, 'St Christopher', was added to Wechtlin's oeuvre by E. Redslob, in 'Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für vervielfältigende Kunst', Vienna, 1927, p. 53ff. For the few drawings attributed to Wechtlin, see Rowlands 1993, cat. no. 498. A selection of his work was catalogued in the exhibition catalogue 'Hans Baldung Grien', Karlsruhe, Staatliche Kunsthalle, 1959, pp. 134ff.