- Also known as
primary name: Viti, Timoteo
other name: Vite, Timoteo della
- individual; painter/draughtsman; Marchigian; Italian; Male
- Life dates
- Painter. Timoteo Viti (della Vite). A follower of Raphael. Ferrara, Urbino, Rome, b. Urbino 1469/70, d. there 10 October 1523, aged 53 according to Vasari.
The latter says that after training as a goldsmith Viti studied in Bologna* where after a while he turned to painting, and that he came back to Urbino when he was twenty-six. Surviving datable works are: the altarpiece commissioned in 1504 for the Arrivabene Chapel in Urbino Cathedral (now in the Ducal Palace); the 'Magdalen' from the Amaduzzi Chapel founded in 1508 in the same cathedral (now in the Bologna Gallery); the 'Magdalen' commissioned in 1521 by Maestro Giorgio Andreoli (Gubbio Cathedral). According to Vasari, Viti was summoned to Rome by Raphael and helped him paint the 'Sibyls' in S. Maria della Pace. Compositions attributable to him occur on majolica (see 1946,0713.79).
Some of Viti's drawings are close in style to Signorelli's and have even been so attributed (there seems to be no evidence of direct contact and it is possible that the link was Genga, alongside whom Viti is known to have worked as early as 1504: see Pouncey & Gere 1962 p. 159). On the other hand, his oeuvre has only recently been disencumbered of several early Raphael drawings (e.g. 1895,0915.612 and 1895,0915.613) claimed to be his by Morelli, who held that he was one of Raphael's masters. The problem of Viti's drawings has been further confused by the traditional attribution to him of a group of loosely drawn pen copies, mostly after Raphael but some after Viti himself, which are by the seventeenth-century(?) 'Calligraphic Forger' (see 1946,0713.502).
* Like Longhi ('Ampliamenti nell'officina ferrarese', 1956 ed., p. 162) we doubt the authenticity of Francia's 'libri famigliari', generally accepted as conclusive evidence that Francia was Viti's master in Bologna. The 'romantic' tone of the extracts given by Malvasia stamps them as a fabrication probably dating from Malvasia's own period.
- Pouncey & Gere 1962
B. C. K[replin] in Thieme-Becker (1940) with previous bibliography; A. E. Popham, Gazette, period 6, xli (1953), pp. 119 ff.