- Also known as
Girolamo Siciolante da Sermoneta
primary name: Siciolante da Sermoneta, Girolamo
other name: Sicciolante da Sermoneta, Girolamo
- individual; painter/draughtsman; Roman; Italian; Male
- Life dates
- Painter: Rome. Girolamo Siciolante, b. Sermoneta c. 1521, d. Rome between 30 July and 6 Sept. 1575 (Masetti Zannini, pp. 102, 108). Vasari says S. was aged 20 when he painted the 'Virgin and Child with Sts Peter and Stephen' (Davidson, 'Art Bulletin', fig. 1), dated 1541, for the abbey at Valvisciolo, near Sermoneta (now Palazzo Caetani, Rome). According to Baglione, S.'s masters were II Pistoia (Leonardo Grazia da Pistoia) and then Perino del Vaga. First recorded in Rome 1543, as member of Accademia di S. Luca (Davidson, op. cit., n. 12). 11 May 1544 recorded as one of Virtuosi al Pantheon (Orbaan, 'Virtuosi', p. 22); 'principe' in 1550 (Noack in Thieme-Becker). 'Lamentation' for SS. Apostoli according to Vasari was painted soon after the Valvisciolo altarpiece of 1541. If Milanesi (Vasari, vii, p. 571, n. 2) is correct in saying that this picture passed into the Raczynski Collection, it is the 'Lamentation' now in Poznan (Davidson, op. cit., fig. 5; cf. also Waterhouse, 'Burlington', pp. 104ff). June-Aug. 1544, interim payments for decorating "loggia nova verso Prata" in Castel S. Angelo (E. Gaudioso, 'Bollettino', lxi (1976), p. 231, figs. 10-13 and 36).
In Parma in the service of Pierluigi Farnese by Nov. 1545 (letter from S. to Bonifazio Caetani: see Davidson, op. cit., p. 58), then in Bologna (altarpiece, dated 1548, in S. Martino Maggiore).
Rome, S. Luigi dei Francesi, 4th chapel on r., 'Baptism of Clovis' (Baglione) on l.-hand side wall (decoration of chapel completed by 1555 according to Hess, 'Studien', i, p. 222, n. 8, who gives no authority for the statement).
In a letter of 5 June 1549 to Bonifazio Caetani, S. excuses himself for not coming to Sermoneta because of an urgent commission for the French ambassador, Claude d'Urfé. Eleven canvases of biblical subjects are still at La Bastie d'Urfé, half-way between St Etienne and Lyons (all repr. Raggio). A 'Raising of Lazarus' on panel at Fontainebleau, attributed to Muziano, is in our opinion by S. and dates from the same period. Sermoneta, S. Giuseppe, Caetani Chapel, dated c. 1549 on stylistic grounds by Davidson (op. cit., p. 62, figs. 16, 17). S. M. dell'Anima, Fugger Chapel, 3rd on r., scenes from life of the Virgin, not earlier than Apr. 1549 (see 1946,1221.1; study for St Elizabeth in 'Visitation', with H.M. Calmann, London 1960). Last quarter of 1553, payment for altarpiece in Andrea in Via Flaminia (Lanciani, iii, p. 26), presumably destroyed before 1642 (see Baglione, p. 62). In Palazzo Spada, nearing completion by Apr. 1550 (Neppi, 'Palazzo Spada', publ. Banca Nazionale dell'Agricoltura, Rome, 1975, doc. 3; see Mazzoni biography), S. painted in "un salotto molto bello de' fatti degli antichi Romani" (Vasari, vii, p. 572: as Neppi observes, his hand is apparent in 'Sala di Alessandro' (Neppi, pls. iv, v, figs. 54-60). Payment for (lost) oil-painting (Vasari) of 'Pentecost' for Sacristy, S. Spirito in Sassia, 30 Aug. 1564 (see Pillsbury, 'Burlington', cxvi (1974), p. 441, n. 27); Louvre 10197 is a squared 'modello' of this subject. S. Tommaso dei Cenci, frescoes, life of Virgin (Vasari): 'Annunciation' dated 1565. S. Eligio de' Ferrari, high altarpiece, 'Virgin and Child with Sts. James, Eligio, Martin', presumably datable after 1562 rebuilding (see Forcella, xi, p. 318, no. 450). S. M. della Pace, 1st chapel on l., in octagon, in oil on plaster, 'Creation of Adam', 'Temptation' and 'Expulsion' (study in Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester, D. 16. 1960) in semidome, and 'St Andrew' and 'St Sebastian' ('Restauri', 1969, pls. 19-21b) flanking altarpiece of 'Adoration of Shepherds'; on vault of 2nd r. in nave, 'Nativity', 'Adoration of Magi', 'Flight into Egypt' and 'Massacre of Innocents' (3 extant; Urban, fig. 148). S. M. Maggiore, 1st chapel on l., altarpiece, 'Decollation of St Catherine', described by Vasari (writing c. 1566) as just completed. Vatican, Sala Regia, 'Submission of Astolf to Pepin', above door to Sistine Chapel (study, Louvre 1960: Gere, 'Manierismo', pl. xxviii). Payment on account for another fresco representing 'Authority conferred by the Apostolic See on the Electors of the Empire', Nov. 1565 (Lanciani, iii, p. 228); S. was presumably interrupted by the death of Pius IV on 9 Dec. and the unfinished painting must have later been destroyed. 1570, dated altarpiece at Calcinate, near Bergamo (Venturi, ix5, fig. 330). S. M. della Concezione dei Cappuccini, choir 'Annunciation', s. and d. 1571 ('Restauri', 1970-71, fig. 38a); its companion, a 'Noli Me Tangere' (ibid., fig. 38b) seems to us to be by Marco Pino. S. Giovanni in Laterano, Massimi Chapel, 'Crucifixion', final payment 17 July 1573 (Massimi archives). S. M. Maggiore, Sforza Chapel (decoration completed 1573: Forcella, xi, p. 42, no. 79), altarpiece of 'Assumption'. S. Tommaso in Formis, altarpiece, 'Virgin with Saints and Boniface VIII', originally in chapel of St Boniface in old St Peter's, then in Sacristy of St Peter's, painted c. 1574 (repr. Toesca). S. M. in Aracoeli, altarpiece of 'Transfiguration' in 4th chapel on r. (described by Baglione as in 2nd on l.), not earlier than 1565 (see Casimiro, p. 225). S. M. sopra Minerva, on wall at end of r. aisle, 'Sts. Lucy and Agatha' (Zeri, fig. 10), study for Agatha, Rome Printroom 124183 (BB 2500A, as S. del Piombo; cf. Voss, p. 104, n. 2).
Perugia, S. M. Nuova, 'Virgin and Child with Sts. Peter and Paul and Youthful Baptist' (repr. O. Gurrieri, 'La Chiesa di S. Maria Nuova', Perugia, 1962, p. 35); variant, now lost, with donor substituted for Baptist, repr. as Perino, 'Emporium', cxxvii (1958), p. 201, fig. 9 (study in Victoria and Albert Mus., D. 1019-1900; Ward-Jackson cat., no. 317). Palestrina, Cathedral, tabernacle with 'Christ as Redeemer' and 'St Francis' and 'St James the Greater', said to have been dated 1565, and altarpiece of 'Christ on the Cross with Virgin', 'St Lawrence and donors' (all repr. 'Sopr. Lazio', 1969, pls. 24-7). Parma, 'Adoration of Shepherds' ('Tesori nascosti della Galleria di Parma', 1968, fig. 40 as 'Emiliano-Romagnolo'). Cambridge, King's College, 'Lamentation' (Waterhouse, fig. 51).
- Gere & Pouncey 1983
Thieme-Becker (1936), with previous bibliography; F. Zeri, 'Intorno a Gerolamo Siciolante', Bollettino xxxvi (1951), pp. 139ff.; G. Urban, 'Die Cappella Cesi in S. Maria della Pace ...', Miscellanea Biblioteca Hertziana, (1961), pp. 213ff.; I. Toesca, 'Due opere del Siciolante', Paragone, 187 (1965), pp. 57ff.; B. Davidson, 'Some early works of Girolamo Siciolante da Sermoneta', Art Bulletin, xlviii (1966), pp. 55ff.; 'Perino del Vaga e la sua cerchia: addenda and corrigenda', MD, vii (1969), 4, pp. 404ff.; E.K. Waterhouse, 'Some frescoes and an altarpiece by Gerolamo Siciolante da Sermoneta', Burlington, cxii (1970), pp. 102ff; andJ.W. Goodison, ibid., p. 311; O. Raggio, 'Vignole, Fra Damiano et Gerolamo Siciolante à la Chapelle de la Bastie d'Urfé', Revue de l'art, 15 (1972), pp. 29ff.; R. Bruno, 'Girolamo Siciolante, Revisioni ...', Critica d'arte, (1973), 130, pp. 55ff., (1974), 133, pp. 66ff. and 135, pp. 71ff., 136, pp. 31ff.; V. Pace, 'Un dipinto inedito ...', Commentari, xxv (1974), pp. 69ff.