- Also known as
primary name: Pozzo, Andrea
- individual; painter/draughtsman; architect; Roman; Italian; Male
- Life dates
- Painter, architect and writer on art: b. Trento 30 November 1642. He studied with an unidentified pupil of Andrea Sacchi (q.v.) from Como, whom he met in Trento and accompanied to Como and Milan. In 1665 he became a Jesuit lay brother and the remainder of his work was produced almost exclusively in the services of the Jesuit Order. He soon gained renown as a designer of decorations for religious festivals, and one of his first recorded works in Rome, whither he was summoned by the General of the Jesuit Order, Padre Giovanni Paolo Oliva, in 1681, was the decoration of the 'quarant'ore' in the Gesù the following year.
For one of his most ambitious and celebrated works, the decoration of the church of S. Ignazio in Rome, Pozzo painted on canvas a feigned dome and lantern for the crossing (begun in 1684), which was to set a new standard for architectural illusionist painting. It was followed by the immense fresco of the 'Glory of St Ignatius Loyola and the Missionary Work of the Jesuit Order' on the vault of the nave (1691-4) and by scenes from the life of the saint in the choir. Pozzo's teaching and his illustrated treatise on the subject 'Perspectiva pictorum et architectorum' (1693-8) were of great importance for illusionistic fresco painting throughout the eighteenth century.
Always also involved in the creation of three-dimensional works of art, Pozzo designed a number of large altars, the most sumptuous of which is surely the tomb of Ignatius Loyola in the left transept of the Gesù, commissioned in 1695. Following Emperor Leopold's invitation, Pozzo left Rome for Vienna in 1703, where he supervised the renovation of the Jesuit Church (begun 1703) and designed the high altar of the Franciscan Church (1707). Died in Vienna 31 August 1709.
Pozzo, one of the greatest of all 'quadratura' painters, is considered, together with Giovanni Battista Gaulli (q.v.), the epitome of monumental ceiling decorators of the Baroque.
- Turner 1999
V. De Feo, 'AP' Rome 1988
Richard Bösel & L. Salviucci Insolera, 'AP pittore e architetto Gesuita', Rome (ING) 2010