- Also known as
Jacopo da Pontormo
primary name: Pontormo, Jacopo da
other name: Carrucci, Jacopo
- individual; painter/draughtsman; Florentine; Italian; Male
- Life dates
- Painter, worked in Florence. b. Pontormo 1494. According to Vasari (Vasari/Milanesi, vi, p. 246), he was the pupil successively of Leonardo da Vinci (q.v.), Piero di Cosimo (c. 1462-after 1515), Mariotto Albertinelli (q.v.) and Andrea del Sarto (q.v.). In 1516-18 he collaborated with Sarto, Bacchiacca (q.v.) and Granacci (q.v.) on the decoration of the 'Borgherini bedroom', contributing the 'Stories of Joseph', now in the National Gallery, London. In 1520 he was commissioned to paint 'Vertumnus and Pomona' in the salone of the Medici villa at Poggio a Caiano. He left Florence in 1522 to avoid the plague and in 1523-4 painted the fresco cycle of the Passion in the Certosa del Galluzzo (see 1933,0803.13). In 1526-8 he decorated the Capponi chapel in S. Felicità and, from Michelangelo's (q.v.) cartoons, painted the 'Noli me tangere' and 'Venus and Cupid' in 1531 and 1532 respectively. Thereafter he was much employed by the Medici, being commissioned in 1532 to decorate their villa at Poggio a Caiano, where he had previously worked; in 1535 that at Careggi; and in 1537 that at Castello. In 1546 he received from Cosimo I de' Medici his last important commission: the fresco decoration of the choir of S. Lorenzo with the 'Resurrection' and the 'Flood' - this was completed after his death by Bronzino (q.v.) but was destroyed in the eighteenth century.
Pontormo was one of the most highly individual painters of the Florentine sixteenth century, evolving a style of his own, principally out of those of Andrea del Sarto and Michelangelo; but he was also much influenced by Northern prints, particularly those of Dürer. His bizarre genius led to what was perhaps the wildest and most extreme form of Mannerism in Italy. As a draughtsman, he was just as eccentric and original. A substantial proportion of his entire surviving output of drawings is preserved in the Uffizi.
- K.W. Forster, 'P, Monographie mit kritischen Katalog', Munich 1966
Janet Cox-Rearick, 'The Drawings of Pontormo', 2nd ed. 1981
Nicholas Turner, 'Florentine Drawings of the Sixteenth Century', London, 1986 (whence following biography)