- Also known as
primary name: Hoffmann, Hans
other name: Hofmann, Hans
- individual; painter/draughtsman; German; Male
- Life dates
- c. 1530-1591
- Painter, draughtsman and miniaturist. Probably born in Nuremberg c. 1530-Prague 1591/2. He is thought to have travelled to the Netherlands early in his career; by 1557 he had returned to Nuremberg. His earliest signed work, a portrait, is dated 1573 (Munich, Bayerisches Nationalmuseum). In 1576 he recorded having contact with a furrier in Prague, apparently over some jewellery. He began his imitations and copies after Dürer at about this time, some probably commissioned by the Imhoff family who had inherited Dürer's estate. He became the undoubted leader of the 'Dürer-Renaissance' at a time when amateurs and collectors looked back and admired the supreme achievements of early sixteenth-century German art. In 1584 he was in Munich working at the ducal court, and in 1585 he moved to Prague, where he painted works to be added to Rudolf II's Kunstkammer, and became an imperial court painter.
Along with his sophisticated works in the Dürer manner, Hoffmann was an accomplished portrait painter, and made sensitive studies of plants, animals and fish in watercolour (today mostly in Budapest).
- F. Winkler, Prussian Jahrbuch, liii, 1932, pp. 68-69; H. Kaufmann, Anzeiger des Germanischen Nationalmuseums., 1940-53 (1954), pp. 18-60; K. Pilz, Mitteilungen des Vereins für Geschichte der Stadt Nuremberg, li, 1962, pp. 236-72; S. Bodnár, Les copies de Hans Hoffmann d'après un dessin de Dürer; in: Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts; 1986; S. Bodnár, Hans Hoffmanns Zeichnungen in Budapest; in: Acta Historiae Artium, Vol. 32, pp 73-121; Budapest 1986.