- Also known as
primary name: Hirschvogel, Augustin
- individual; painter/draughtsman; printmaker; academic/intellectual; German; Male
- Life dates
- Son of the leading glass-painter in Nuremberg, Veit Hirschvogel (1461-1525) who worked after designs by Dürer and Hans von Kulmbach, Augustin Hirschvogel worked with his father until the latter's death, after which he established his own workshop producing glassware in the Venetian style. From August 1536 until c. 1540 he was active in Laibach (Ljubljana), for some of the time as a maiolica painter, and established his reputation as a cartographer, the profession for which he was best known in his own day. This work includes a map of the Turkish borders made in 1539 for the Nuremberg council, and numerous commissions for the Emperor Charles V. He settled in Vienna in 1544, where he pioneered the use of triangulation in maps of Vienna, made for the defence of the city after the Turkish siege there in 1543, which were completed in 154. His most impressive artistic achievement was around 300 etchings, executed between 1543 and 1553. The majority were made for book illustrations, but he also produced ornament prints and a notable group of thirty-five landscape etchings, which reveal the influence of Albrecht Altdorfer and Wolf Huber. Together with Hanns Lautensack (1524-64/65), Hirschvogel developed Altdorfer's innovations in landscape etching. These two artists were responsible for broadening the sphere of influence of Altdorfer's style as their landscape prints were produced in larger numbers than those of Altdorfer.
- K. Schwarz, 'Augustin Hirschvogel: Ein deutscher Meister der Renaissance', Berlin, 1917; facsimile edition with plates, New York, 1971; 'Gedenkschau Augustin Hirschvogels', exh. cat., Vienna, Historisches Museum; 'Prints and Drawings of the Danube School', exh. cat., New Haven, Yale University Art Gallery, 1969, edited by C.Talbot and A. Shestack, pp. 88ff.; Jane Peters, 'Early Drawings by Augustin Hirschvogel' in 'Master Drawings', vol.17, 1979, pp.359-392;