- Also known as
J J Grandville
primary name: Grandville, J J
other name: Grandville, Jean Jacques
other name: Grandville
other name: Granville, J J
other name: Gérard, Jean Ignace Isidore
- individual; printmaker; painter/draughtsman; French; Male
- Life dates
- Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard, known by the pseudonym of J. J. Grandville. Illustrator, printmaker, painter, draughstman and caricaturist. Born in Nancy, he moved to Paris in 1825. He published different series of satires (pen lithographs to be hand-coloured) such as 'Les Métamorphoses du jour' and the 'Voyage pour l'éternité'. From 1830 until 1835 he became one ofthe main contributors to 'La Caricature' and 'Le Charivari'. As Charles Philipon, he satirized the governement of Louis-Philippe. The lithographs for 'La Caricature' were executed in crayon and not in pen and are close to the works of Traviès and Daumier. Not all lithographs by Grandville were executed by him: printers working for Philipon such as Eugène Forest transferred the designs to the stone.
From 1836 he moved from lithography to wood-engraving, for which he produced numerous designs for publishers until his death.
- Philippe Kaenel, 'Le métier d'illustrateur: Rodolphe Töpfer, J.J. Grandville, Gustave Doré', Paris, 1986.
Dorit Schäfer and Anke Fröhlich, 'J.J. Grandville: Karicatur und Zeichnung: ein Visionär der französichen Romantik', exhibition catalogue, Karlsruhe and Hannover, 2000.
Beatrice Farwell, 'The Charged Image: French Lithographic Caricature 1816-1848', Santa Barbara Museum of Art, California, 1989, pp.95-108.
Keri Yousif, 'Balzac, Grandville and the rise of book illustration', Farnham 2012.