- Also known as
primary name: Genga, Girolamo
- individual; painter/draughtsman; sculptor/medallist; architect; Umbrian; Italian; Male
- Life dates
- Painter, sculptor and architect, b. apparently in Urbino, 1476, d. near Urbino, 11 July 1551 (Vasari), aged seventy-five (epitaph, see Venturi, ix5, p. 600). According to Vasari, Genga was placed under Signorelli at the age of fifteen and worked with him in Orvieto and elsewhere; he then studied under Perugino, at which time Raphael was his fellow-pupil, and in Florence. A 'Madonna della Misericordia' in the Proby Collection, Elton Hall (repr. 'Burlington', xli (1922), p. 204, as Signorelli), probably represents his style when still under Signorelli's influence. He collaborated with Timoteo Viti in the decoration of the Arrivabene Chapel in Urbino Cathedral, 1504 (see 1895,0915.606). In Siena he painted, c. 1509, two frescoes in the palace of Pandolfo Petrucci (now in the Siena Gallery) and, in 1510, the 'Transfiguration' (Museo dell'Opera del Duomo). After Petrucci's death (May 1512) Genga returned to Urbino (Vasari). Between 1513 and 1518 he painted an altarpiece for S. Agostino, Cesena, now in the Brera (see 1866,0714.7). A 'Dispute over the Immaculate Conception' (Berlin) is dated 1515. He collaborated with Viti in the decoration of the Lombardini Chapel (destroyed) in S. Francesco Grande, Forlì (contract 1518). Soon afterwards he was in Rome where he was commissioned by Agostino Chigi (see Fabio Chigi [Alexander VII], Agostino Chigi, ed. G. Cugnoni, Rome, 1878, p. 42) to paint the altarpiece of the 'Resurrection' (drawing for this in N.G. of Scotland: d. 1569) for the Oratory of S. Caterina da Siena in the via Giulia (datable c. 1519, the year in which the Oratory was completed). The 'Mystic Marriage of S. Catherine of Siena' (Rome, Galleria Nazionale di Palazzo Barberini) must also belong to his Roman period. A drawing for it is repr. 'OMD', v (1930/1), pl. 14, as Neroni; another is in the Louvre (3462), as Giulio Romano. From 1522/3 he was employed by the Duke of Urbino mostly on architectural projects, notably the restoration, enlargement and decoration of the Villa Imperiale at Pesaro. A design by Genga for one of the ceiling frescoes there is in the Louvre (10686), formerly as Anonymous. He was summoned to Mantua by Cardinal Ercole Gonzaga, apparently in 1547, to design a façade for the Cathedral, the reconstruction of which had been interrupted by Giulio Romano's death in November 1546.
- Pouncey & Gere 1962
B. Patzak in Thieme-Becker (1920) with previous bibliography; L. Filippini Baldani, 'Francesco Menzocchi pittore forlivese e la Villa Imperiale di Pesaro' in Melozzo da Forlì, Forlì, 1937-9, passim.
Gere & Pouncey 1983
BM Raphael, p. 159.