- Also known as
primary name: Gainsborough, Thomas
- individual; painter/draughtsman; printmaker; British; Male
- Life dates
- Landscape and portrait painter and etcher; bapt. Suffolk 1727; d. London 1788; studied in London 1740-48, primarily at St Martin's Lane Academy under Gravelot and Hayman; learned landscape painting by copying Dutch 17th c. works of Wynants and Ruisdael; settled in Ipswich 1748; moved to Bath 1759-74; probably visited London annually from 1762 onwards; exhibited SA 1761-68; foundation member RA; exh. RA sporadically 1769-83, and after disagreements with RA ehx, FS 1774 and 1783; in London 1774; decided RA style for hanging pictures was unsuitable and began to show pictures in his own studio in London; employed by Royal family 1776; his pupil and assistant was his nephew, Gainsborough Dupont from 1772; drawings in P&D arranged according to Binyon's catalogue.
- E.K.Waterhouse, 'TG', London 1958 (catalogue of the paintings)
John Hayes, 'The drawings of TG', 2 vols, London 1970 (catalogue of the drawings)
John Hayes, 'G as printmaker', London 1972 (catalogue of the prints)
J. Hayes, 'The Landscape Paintings of TG', 1982 (cat. rais.)
J. Hayes various supplements published in Master Drawings, etc.; J. Hayes and L. Stainton, 'Gainsborough Drawings', exh. Washington, Fort Worth and Yale, 1983; J. Hayes, 'Letters of TG', 2001; M. Rosenthal, 'Art of TG', Yale, 1999; S. Sloman, 'G in Bath', Yale, 2002; M. Rosenthal and M. Myrone, eds 'Gainsborough', exh. Tate, Washington, Boston, 2002-3; H. Belsey, 'A second Suppl. to John Hayes 'Drawings of TG', Master Drawings, XLVI, Winter 2008, 427-541.
B. Leca, (ed), 'Thomas Gainsborough and the Modern Woman', Cincinnati Art Museum, 2010