- Also known as
primary name: Russell, William
- individual; scientist/engineer; British; Male
- Other dates
- 1800- (fl. c.)
- No.44, St. John Street, Smithfield, London
- Trade card in Heal Collection (Heal,58.27), and another similar card (Heal,58.28) advertise "Russell's Fire Pumps For the Preservation of Lives and Property. William Russell, Engineer... Respectfully begs leave to inform the Nobility, Gentry, and the Public in general, that he has introduced a Fire-Extinguishing Pump, for Streets, Public Buildings, Ships, &c.; and with confidence recommends them to the particular attention of Noblemen having large Mansions, the Heads of Parishes, Surveyors and Builders, Owners and Captains of Ships, &c. By the general introduction of this valuable article, the saving of Lives and Property is presumed incalculable; it is always ready for action, and to deliver the water it draws from the Well, Pond, or Cistern, at any distance required, with great force, directly on the Fire, without the aid of Turncocks or filling empty Mains. It is recommended to cut the nozzle of all Parish or Street Pumps to suit the Screws attached to the hose-pipes of the Parish Engines; this is so effectual;ly done at the Fire-pump at Aldgate, from which Water was delivered with great effective force at a distance of 1600 feet (See Register of Arts and Sciences, No.31; and London Mechanics' Register, No.108) from two extreme points. By this almost instantaneous supply, the fire would in many instances be entirely extinguished before a Fire-engine could possibly arrive.W.R. is strongly impressed with the idea, that if Pumps already erected in the Streets of London and its environs, the Pumps in Noblemen's Mansions, Public Buildings, and Dwelling Houses generally, were converted into Fire-extinguishing Pumps (the cost of which would be trivial compared to their utility), would not only be the means of preserving Lives and Property in the event of Fire, but would tend in a great degree to reduce the expense of Fire Insurance. In fact, every Householder would in effect be in possession of a Fire-extinguishing Engine, merely by having a legth of leather hose and branch pipe in his possession, suitable to the nozzle of the Fire-pump in his house, or in his neighbourhood. N.B. Common Pumps, whether fixed in Dwelling Houses, Out-houses, Grounds, Streets, or Squares, converted into Fire-Extinguishing Pumps at a moderate expense. Hydraulic Presses, Air and Gas Condensing Engines, and Soda Water Machines on a Superior Construction. Engines and Pumps for raising Water from any depth to any height."