- Also known as
primary name: Bronzino, Angelo di Cosimo
other name: Tori, Angiolo
- individual; painter/draughtsman; Florentine; Italian; Male
- Life dates
- Painter and writer. b. Florence 1503 - d. Florence 1572. Pupil of Jacopo Carucci called Pontormo and Raffaellino del Garbo (1466-1524); but later collaborated with Pontormo (q.v.), who was the predominant influence on his work. He assisted Pontormo at the Certosa del Galluzzo (1523-4) in the completion of the Cappella Capponi, S. Felicità (c. 1526) and in the decoration of the Medici villas at Poggio a Caiano (1532), Careggi (1535) and Castello (c. 1537-42); he even completed Pontormo's frescoes in the choir of S. Lorenzo in 1557, after the latter's death. As an independent master, he participated in the decorations erected to celebrate the marriage of Cosimo de' Medici to Eleonora of Toledo in 1539, in which year he began work on her chapel in the Palazzo Vecchio, his masterpiece (completed 1564). He was subsequently much employed by the Medici as a portraitist (see 1958,1213.1) and as a designer of tapestries (see Pp,2.95). The courtliness of Bronzino's painting was essentially a mutation from Pontormo's highly original but somewhat eccentric style; this he dignified by recourse to Michelangelo's cooler, more monumental forms. His drawings, which are comparatively rare, display the same detachment as his paintings. In them, a certain academic correctness is paramount, spontaneity is suppressed in the interests of control, and internal modelling giving a highly sculptural effect is emphasised rather than richness of outline.
- A. Emiliani, 'Il Bronzino', Busto Arsizio, 1960
Turner, Florentine Drawings of the Sixteenth Century, London, 1986