- Also known as
primary name: Barocci, Federico
- individual; painter/draughtsman; printmaker; Marchigian; Roman; Italian; Male
- Life dates
- Federico Barocci, sometimes written Federigo Baroccio. Painter and etcher, active in Urbino and Rome. b. probably c. 1535 (Olsen, p. 20, n. 2) in Urbino, d. there 30 Sept. 1612 (Bellori, p.113). He was taught by his father, Ambrogio (idem, p. 99) and Battista Franco (q.v.) and studied pictures in the Ducal collection in Pesaro while visiting Bartolomeo Genga (idem, p. 100). According to Bellori, he went to Rome when 20 (probably c. 1555: cf. Olsen, p. 23, n. 12) and became an associate of his fellow-Marchigian, Taddeo Zuccaro (q.v.). 1557, 'Martydom of St Sebastian' for Urbino Cathedral. 1560 returned to Rome and worked with Federico Zuccaro (q.v.) in the Vatican Belvedere and the Casino of Pius IV. Payments for ceiling frescoes in two rooms of the Casino, Nov. 1561-June 1563 (Friedlaender, pp. 13lf.): 1st room, with the help of assistants, 'Holy Family', 'Scenes from Life of Christ' and 'Virtues'; 2nd room, 'Annunciation'. A payment of July 1563 may refer to his fresco in the Belvedere, now Museo Etrusco, Sala I (Ackerman, pp. 91f.) of 'Moses and the Serpent', which was interrupted by illness (Bellori, p. 102); he was obliged to return to Urbino, where he remained. Under no. 20 in the Bologna Exh. Cat. is a reference to a letter said to establish his presence in Urbino in 1565.
Of the major works, all canvases, painted in Urbino, several were for other towns: 'Il Perdono', S. Francesco, Urbino, 1574-6 (Bologna Exh. Cat. 75; Olsen 27); 'Entombment', S. Croce, Senigallia, s. and d. 1582 (Bologna Exh. Cat. 118; Olsen 33); 'Martyrdom of S. Vitale', for S. Vitale, Ravenna, dated 1583, now Brera (Bologna Exh.Cat. 132; Olsen 34); 'Madonna del Rosario', Senigallia, 1589-93 (Bologna Exh. Cat. 198; Olsen 44); 'Circumcision', for Nome di Gesù, Pesaro, dated 1590, now Louvre (Bologna Exh. Cat. 191; Olsen 43); 'Crucifixion', Duomo, Genoa, dated 1596 (Bologna Exh. Cat. 224; Olsen 49); 'Last Supper', Duomo, Urbino, 1590-9 (Bologna Exh. Cat. 240; Olsen 54; see no, 52). He visited Perugia 1567-9 to paint 'Deposition', Duomo (Bologna Exh. Cat. 50; Olsen 21) and Arezzo in 1575 for 'Madonna del Popolo', Pieve, dated 1579, now Uffizi (Bologna Exh. Cat. 106; Olsen 32; see nos. 48-50).
His later works for Rome were sent from Urbino. For Oratorians in S.M. in Vallicella he painted the 'Visitation', 1583-6 (Bologna Exh.Cat. 162; Olsen 38) and 'Presentation of the Virgin', 1593-1603 (Bologna Exh. Cat. 255; Olsen 46), and for Clement VIII, the 'Institution of the Eucharist', 1604-8 (Bologna Exh. Cat. 272; Olsen 65) in the Aldobrandini Chapel, S.M. sopra Minerva. The Emperor Rudolph II commissioned 'Aeneas's Flight from Troy', 1586-9 (Olsen 39), lost, but there is a cartoon (Louvre) and an autograph replica dated 1598 in Borghese Gallery, Rome (Bologna Exh. Cat. 166).
- Bartsch XVII pp.1-4 (4 nos)
Gere & Pouncey 1983
A. Schmarsow, Federigo Baroccis Zeichnungen: eine kritische Studie, Leipzig, 1909; F. di Pietro, Disegni sconosciuti e disegni finora non identificati di Federigo Barocci negli Uffizi, Florence, 19I3; H. Olsen, Federico Barocci, Copenhagen, 1962, with previous bibliography; A. Emiliani, Mostra di Federico Barocci, Catalogo critico, Bologna, 1975, with extensive bibliography (abbr. as Bologna Exh. Cat.); G. Bertelà, Disegni di Federico Barocci, Exh. cat., Florence, 1975, Gabinetto disegni e stampe degli Uffizi, xliii; E. Pillsbury, 'Barocci at Bologna and Florence', MD, xiv (1976), pp. 56ff.; H. Günther, 'Federico Barocci "Die Flucht des Aneas aus Troja", zur Geschichte eines Bildes', Weltkunst, xlvii, 19 (1977), pp. 1858f.; E. Pillsbury, 'The Oil Studies of Federico Barocci', Apollo, cviii (1978) pp. 170ff.; The Graphic Work of Federico Barocci, exh. cat. Cleveland-New Haven, 1978; David Scrase, 'A touch of the Divine: drawings by FB', Fitzwilliam 2006