- Also known as
primary name: Smiths
other name: Enfield Clock Company
other name: S Smith & Sons (England) Ltd
other name: S Smith & Son
other name: Smith's Clocks & Watches Ltd
other name: Smith's English Clocks Ltd
other name: Smiths Group PLC
other name: Smiths Industries Clock Company
other name: Smiths Industries Ltd
other name: Smiths Industries Watch Company
- organisation; clockmaker/watchmaker; merchant/tradesman; manufacturer/factory; British
- Cricklewood, London
- Samuel Smith (1826-1875) began trading as jeweller and watchmaker (S Smith & Son) in 1851 at 149/151 Newington Causeway, London.
His son (also Samuel, 1850-1932) took over the business aged 25 after his fathers death. By end 19thC they had 6 shops and four royal warrants for making speedometers.
Allan Gordon Smith, youngest son of Samuel jnr (1881-1951) took over the running of the firm, making clocks watches and motor accessories. During first world war they made sheel fuses and aeronautical instruments
In the 1920s Gordon set up ABEC (q.v.), the All British Escapement Company. He also restructured the company with specialist subsidiary companies.
In the 1930s Smiths took over various clockmaking companies to become largest clock producer in Britain, including:
English Clock & Watch Manufacturers Ltd (q.v.) – taken over by Smiths in 1932
Enfield Clocks (q.v.).- purchase by smths in 1933 but allowed to continue trading independently for some years.
Clocks and watches stopped being manufactured in around 1979, but the company is still active.
- Nye, J. (2014), "A Long Time in Making The History of Smiths", Oxford University Press, Oxford
John Glanville & William M Wolmuth. (2015) 'Clockmaking in England and Wales in the Twentieth Century: The Industrialized Manufacture of Domestic Mechanical Clocks', The Crowood Press Ltd.
Smith, B (2006), "Smiths Domestic Clocks", Pierhead Publications Ltd
Smith, B (2009), "Smiths Watches", Pierhead Publications Ltd