- Also known as
primary name: Baglione, Giovanni
other name: Baglioni, Giovanni
- individual; painter/draughtsman; Italian; Male
- Life dates
- Painter and biographer. Giovanni Baglione, b. Rome mid 1570s, d. there 1643-4: will dated 13 July 1643, death reported 2 Jan. 1644 (Mancini-Salerno n. 1057). According to his own account of his life (Baglione, pp. 401ff.) he spent two years, from age of 11, in studio of Francesco Morelli, a Florentine painter working in Rome, and his earliest Roman works, c. 1589 (see Campos, p. 188; Forcella, viii, p. 112, no. 308) were frescoes in the Sala Sistina of the Vatican Library and in the Scala Santa, including the 'Finding of Moses' (cf. Scavizzi, 'Bollettino', xlv (1960), pp. 111ff, figs. 16-18). B. says he was 15 when working in the Library. Also extensively employed elsewhere by Sixtus V (1585-90). Spent two years in Naples probably in early 1590s. Returned to Rome in pontificate of Clement VIII (1592-1605).
S. Pudenziana: chapel of St Peter, frescoes begun not earlier than 1595 (see Montini, 'Santa Pudenziana', Rome, n.d., pp. 26, 82). S. M. dell'Orto, frescoes of life of the Virgin in cappella maggiore, inscription dated 1598 (Barroero, 'S. Maria dell'Orto', Rome, 1976, p. 82, figs. 20-1; Guglielmi, figs. 4 and 5). 1600, frescoes in transept of S. Giovanni Laterano (see SL,5223.14); also project (not executed) for altarpiece in S. Prisca (cf. 1895,0915.666 and 1978,0520.4). May 1600, elected to Virtuosi al Pantheon (Orbaan, 'Virtuosi', p. 34). Altar-pieces of 'St Peter and St Paul' and 'St Andrew' in S. Cecilia in Trastevere and three small altarpieces described by B. himself, formerly in crypt, now in the convent, payments 1600 and 1603 (Martinelli, p. 96, n. 30, figs. 48a-b, 51a, 52a-b). Gesù, 'Resurrection' (lost) for r. transept, commissioned 1601, unveiled Easter 1603, and removed 1622 (Bertolotti, 'Lombardi', ii, p. 51; Abromson, pp. 237f.; see also Ff,4.28). This picture occasioned the criticism by Caravaggio and others which provoked B., on 28 Aug. 1603, to sue them for slander (Bertolotti, loc. cit.). Caravaggio's influence nevertheless evident in 'Triumph of Divine Love' (Berlin) painted about this time (repr. Voss, 'Barockmalerei', p. 127).
Altarpiece (destroyed) of 'St Peter resurrecting Tabitha' for St Peter's, payments 1604-7 (Mancini-Salerno, n. 1055; Abromson, pp. 351f.); copy in S. M. degli Angeli and etching by Callot, Lieure 37 (see Chappell-Kirwin, 'Storia dell'Arte', 21 (1974), pp. 119ff., figs. 46-9; drawing, Louvre 4453). As reward, created Cavaliere di Cristo by Paul V, for whom he decorated part of Cappella Paolina in S. M. Maggiore: payments 25 Sept. 1610 to 31 Aug. 1612 (Corbo, Palatino, xi (1967, pp. 305ff). Payment for 'Rinaldo and Armida' on vault of room in Casino dell'Aurora of Palazzo Rospigliosi-Pallavicini, for Cardinal Scipione Borghese, 15 Feb. 1614 (Guglielmi, p. 325, n. 36, fig. 13; Mancini-Salerno, ii, n. 422; drawings: Louvre 2840; Metropolitan Museum 60. 66. 1, repr. J. Bean, 'Seventeenth-Century Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum', 1979, no. 55; the drawing in a London private collection referred to by Guglielmi, n. 37, was with A. Scharf in 1941, photo BM). 'St Clare, St Anthony of Padua and St Agatha', now in S. Bernardino ai Monti, dated 1617 (see Vichi, 'il Santo' (1972) 3, p. 394 and repr. between pp. 392 and 393). 'St John the Evangelist reviving a Dead Man' for SS. Martina e Luca, now in SS. Cosma e Damiano, painted on election as 'principe' of Accademia di S. Luca in 1618.
Probably c. 1621 spent two years at the court of Mantua. While there painted a series of 'Apollo and the Muses', the second of two (according to him, on a larger scale than the first) sent as a gift to the Queen of France and presumably identical with the series of ten canvases now in the Museum at Arras; a preparatory drawing for one of the 'Muses' at Windsor, Popham, no. 54 as N. dell' Abbate). 'Charity and Justice' from the Mantua Collection, s. and d. 1622 (now Kensington Palace: Levey, 'Later Italian Pictures in the Royal Collection', 1964, no. 354). Also worked in Spoleto and Perugia.
Works in Rome after return from Mantua include: S. M. dell'Orto, 1st chapel on l., 'St Sebastian with Angels' dated 1624 ('Restauri', 1970-71, pl. 52b); St Peter's, formerly in Cappella Gregoriana, 'Christ washing the Disciples' Feet' (lost: 'bozzetto', dated 1628,1 formerly in Barberini collection, cf. Guglielmi, p. 320); S. M. dell'Orto, 3rd chapel on r., 'Virgin with Saints', according to Barroero (op. cit., pp. 68f.) datable 1630; SS. Cosma e Damiano, completed his own chapel, 2nd on r. (inscription dated 1638). The last work recorded by him is scenes from the lives of SS. Carlo Borromeo and Ambrose in 3rd chapel on 1. in S. M. dell'Orto, inscription dated 1641 (Barroero, op. cit., p. 88; 'Restauri', 1970-1, pl. 53).
1639, publication of 'Le nove chiese di Roma'. 1642, publication of 'Le vite de' pittori scultori et architetti'.
- Gere & Pouncey 1983
Thieme-Becker (1908) with previous bibliography; C. Guglielmi, 'Intorno all'opera pittorica di Giovanni Baglione', Bollettino, xxxix (1954), pp. 311ff.; V. Martinelli, 'L'Amor divino "tutto ignudo" di Giovanni Baglione e la cronologia dell'intermezzo caravaggesco', Arte antica e moderna, 5 (1959), pp. 82ff.; R. Longhi, 'Giovanni Baglione e il quadro del processo', Paragone, 163 (1963), pp. 23ff.; W. Vitzthum, 'Drawings from the Accademia Carrara at Bergamo', MD, i (1963), 3, pl. 43; D.S. Pepper, 'Baglione, Vanni and Cardinal Sfondrato', Paragone, 211 (1967), pp. 69ff.; 'Two drawings by Baglione for the "Gift of Constantine" ', MD, viii (1970), 3, pp. 267ff.; I. Faldi, Acquisti, doni, lasciti, restauri e recuperi 1962—1970, exh. Rome, Palazzo Barberini, 1970; E. Schleier, 'Le "Storie di Alessandro Magno" del Cardinale Montalto', Arte Illustrata, 50 (1972), pp. 310ff.; L. Spezzaferro, 'Una testimonianza per gli inizi del caravaggismo', Storia dell'arte, 23 (1975), pp. 53ff.; F. Zeri, 'Giovanni Baglione pittore erotico', Antologia di Belle Arti, i (1977), 4, pp. 339ff.