- Also known as
Master of the Vienna Adoration
primary name: Master of the Vienna Adoration
- individual; painter/draughtsman; Austrian; Male
- Other dates
- -fl. 1410/1420 (in Vienna)
- Painter. This artist takes his name from the 'Adoration of the Christ-Child', a small panel-painting probably of c. 1410/20 in Vienna (Museum Mittelalterlicher Österreichischer Kunst); a companion painting of the 'Adoration of the Magi' by the same hand is in Budapest (Szépmüvészeti Múzeum). He was indebted to the works of Bohemian artists active in Vienna at the end of the fourteenth century, especially the Master of Wittingau (active c.1375-1400), and his followers. He was one of the earliest Viennese exponents of the 'soft style', and as such could have been the teacher of the next generation of Austrian artists, which includes among others, the Master of the Votive Painting of St Lambrecht (q.v.) and the Master of the Presentation in the Temple (active c. 1420-40).
The early dating of the Master's activity has been questioned by G. Schmidt, who advances the date of the Vienna and Budapest panels to the end of the second decade. The incomplete series of Passion scenes by the same hand (formerly in the Durrieu collection, Paris) he considers to be painted at a later date, under the influence of an artist who ran a large Viennese workshop, to which, among others, the Master of the Votive Painting of St Lambrecht also belonged; however, the close and unmistakable links with the Master of Wittingau and his circle conclusively contradict these notions.
- Rowlands & Bartrum, The Age of Dürer and Holbein 1988
Oettinger, 'Tübingen', pp.43ff.; Thieme-Becker, xxxvii, 1950, p.353; G.Schmidt, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Kunst und Denkmalpflege', Vienna, xx, 1966, pp.8, 13f.; Baum, 'Österreichische Galerie', p.28 (for further literature).