- Museum number
Mould-made amuletic figure in glazed composition, representing a dwarf god, most likely Pataikos; naked, in crouching position with legs apart and holding hands either side of protruding stomach marked with the navel; arms in open-work, but not the legs; raised circular ridge at the front, maybe indicating lower edge of necklace broad collar, now missing paces cut between arms and chest; base approximately rectangular, narrower at front; fine modelling though simplified; no back pillar; off-white glaze with greenish tinge surviving at back, of good quality; dirty brown, very hard core; head broken off.
- Production date
- 6thC BC
Height: 2.50 centimetres (maximum)
Width: 1.60 centimetres
Depth: 1.10 centimetres
- Curator's comments
The faience object was analysed by proton induced X-ray emission spectrometry (PIXE) under a 3 MeV energy proton beam for characterisation of the elemental chemical composition (major, minor and trace elements), in March 2014, by the Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF).
This amulet was found in the first Temple of Apollo (Petrie 1886, 14, pl. II, no. 15: "The subjects however, are seldom Egyptian, a figure of Ptah being all that could be mistaken for native work"), but with an erroneous reference to the town as a findspot in the plates' contents (Petrie 1886, 99, pl. II, no. 12-18).
Pataikos might be related with the god Ptah as a craftman god (Andrews 1994, 39). He is definitely linked with the other dwarf god Bes, with whom he appears often on the same amulet or in the same context (on the relationship between these two gods: Bulté 1998, 379 and 382). As an amulet, Pataikos seems to appear as early as the 6th dynasty, although amulets of the dwarf god are better identified from the New Kingdom onwards (Andrews 1994, 39). His amulets are very common during the Late and Ptolemaic periods (as illustrated in Mendes: Wilson 1982, 32, pl. XXIX n°3-4) and as popular as Bes in Naukratis (Masson forthcoming).
For various types of Pataikos amulets see: Herrmann et al. 2010, 75-79 (type 36).
Andrews, C. 1994, Amulets of Ancient Egypt, London.
Bulté, J. 1998, ‘À propos d'une tête de Patèque de Tanis Sân 93-351, OAE 3423’, in P. Brissaud and C. Zivie-Coche, Tanis : travaux récents sur le Tell Sân el-Hagar - MFFT 1987-1997, Paris, 379-389.
Herrmann, C., Staubli, T., Berger-Lober, S., Keel, O., Schönbächler, G. 2010, 1001 Amulett : altägyptischer Zauber, monotheisierte Talismane, säkulare Magie, Bibel+Orient-Museum, Liebefeld, Stuttgart.
Masson, A. forthcoming, ‘Naukratis: Egyptian offerings in context’, in M. Bergeron and A. Masson (eds.), Naukratis in Context II: Cults, Sanctuaries and Offerings. Proceedings of the Second Naukratis Project Workshop held at The British Museum, 22nd-23rd June 2013.
Petrie, W.M.F. 1886, Naukratis. Part I., 1884–5 (third memoir of the Egypt Exploration Fund), London.
Wilson, K.L. 1982, Cities of the Delta, Part II: Mendes – Preliminary Report on the 1979 and 1980 Seasons (American Research Center in Egypt Report 5), Malibu.
The findspot information "found in town' is given by Petrie, Naukratis I, pp. 39 and 99. It is possible and indeed likely, however, that this is displaced material from one of the sanctuaries, such as the sanctuary of Apollo, or that the piece was in fact excavated in the sanctuary of Apollo, as Petrie notes the find of a figure of Ptah amidst the later class of votive figures found in the sanctuary (ibid p. 14).
- Not on display
- Rather fair, but incomplete - head missing
- Acquisition date
- Egypt and Sudan
- BM/Big number
- Registration number
- Additional IDs
Miscellaneous number: 1886,0401.1328 (registration number)